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Nigeria has signed and in some cases ratified bilateral agreements which deal directly or indirectly with environment matters. Below we provide you a list.


Title of Treaty or ConventionDate of Entry into ForceDate Signed 
Amendment to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that deplete the Ozone Layer10/4/96
International Convention to combat Desertification in those Countries Experiencing Serious Drought and/or Desertification, particularly in Africa26/12/9631/10/94
International Convention on Salvage14/7/9628/4/89
Agreement relating to the Implementation of Part XI of the United Nations Convention  on the Law of the Sea of 10 December 198228/7/9625/10/94
International Convention on Oil Pollution Preparedness, Response and Co operation13/5/95
Framework Convention on Climate Change27/11/9413/6/92
Convention on Biological Diversity (Rio Conference) 27/11/9413/6/92
United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea16/11/9410/12/82
Deserficiation Convention30/10/9408/7/97
Convention on Nuclear Safety21/9/94
Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production, Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons and their Destruction13/1/93
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights29/10/93
Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal (Basel Convention)05/05/9215/3/90
Convention of the Carriage of Goods by Sea01/11/92
Treaty establishing the African Economic Community03/06/91
Convention on Early Notification of a Nuclear Accident10/09/9021/1/87
Convention on Assistance in the Case of a Nuclear Accident or Radiological Emergency10/09/90
Protocol on Substances that deplete the Ozone Layer (Montreal Protocol)29/1/89
Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer (Vienna Convention)29/1/89
Protocol Additional to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949 and relating to the Protection of Victims of International Armed Conflicts (Protocol I)10/4/8921/1/87
Protocol Additional to the Geneva Conventions relating to the Protection of Victims of Non International Armed Conflicts (Protocol II)10/4/89
Fourth ACP EEC Convention15/12/89
Amendment to the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (art. XI)13/4/87
International Convention on the Establishment of an International Fund for Compensation for Oil Pollution Damage10/12/87
Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals01/1/87
Protocol relating to the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea ( SOLAS Prot.)13/2/85
International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers13/2/85
Constitution of the United Nations Industrial Development Organization21/6/8508/4/79
Third ACP EEC Convention08/12/84
Convention for Co operation in the Protection and Development of the Marine and Coastal Environment of the West and Central African Region05/8/8423/5/81
Protocol concerning Co operation in combating Pollution in cases of Emergency05/8/8423/5/81
Convention Creating the Niger Basin Authority03/12/8221/11/80
Protocol relating to the Development Fund of the Niger Basin03/12/8221/11/80
International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea ( SOLAS )07/8/81
Amendments to the Annexes to the Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter11/3/81
International Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage05/8/81
Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties27/1/8023/5/69
Amendments to Annexes to the Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter concerning Incineration at Sea11/3/79
Agreement on the Joint Regulations on Fauna and Flora03/12/7703/12/77
Convention on the International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea15/7/77
Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter18/4/76
Convention concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage17/12/75
Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES)01/7/7511/2/74
Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production and Stockpiling of Bacteriological (Biological) and Toxin Weapons and on their Destruction26/3/7503/7/72
African Convention on the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources 07/6/7415/9/68
Agreement on the Rescue of Astronauts, the Return of Astronauts and the Return of Objects launched into Outer Space26/2/7303/5/68
Agreement concerning the Voluntary Contributions to be given for the Execution of the Project to save the Temples of Philae24/1/72
Convention on the Continental Shelf28/5/71
Treaty on the Non Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons05/3/7001/7/68
Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards15/6/70
International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution of the Sea by Oil,1954, as amended in 1962 and 196922/4/68
Convention and Statute on the Regime of Navigable Waterways of International Concern07/2/68
Protocol for the Prohibition of the Use in War of Asphyxiating, Poisonous or Other Gases, and of Bacteriological Methods of Warfare15/10/68
Articles of Association for the establishment of an Economic Community of West Africa04/5/6704/5/67
Treaty Banning Nuclear Weapon Tests in the Atmosphere, in Outer Space and under Water17/2/6702/9/63
Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space, including the Moon and other Celestial Bodies 14/11/67
International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea28/2/66
Convention on Fishing and Conservation of the Living Resources of the High Seas20/3/66
Agreement concerning the River Niger Commission and the Navigation and Transport on the River Niger12/4/66
Act regarding Navigation and Economic Co- operation between the States of the Niger Basin01/2/66
Statute of the International Atomic Energy Agency25/3/64
International Convention on Certain Rules concerning Civil Jurisdiction in Matters of Collision07/5/64
Agreement concerning the voluntary contributions to be given for the execution of the project to save the Abu Simbel Temples06/3/64
Convention on the Territorial Sea and the Contiguous Zone10/9/64
Agreement establishing the African Development Bank10/9/64
Statute of the International Institute for the Unification of Private Law29/10/64
Charter of the Organization of African Unity14/11/63
Convention on the African Migratory Locust13/4/63
Convention on the High Seas30/9/62
Agreement of the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development30/3/6130/3/61
Statutes of the International Centre for the Study of the Preservation and Restoration of Cultural Property12/12/61
Articles of Agreement of the International Development Association14/11/61
Agreement of the International Monetary Fund30/3/6130/3/61
Convention on International Civil Aviation Annex 16 Aircraft Noise14/12/60
Convention of the World Meteorological Organization30/12/60
Constitution of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization14/11/6002/11/60
Constitution of the World Health Organization25/11/6025/11/60
Constitution of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations11/10/60
Constitution of the International Labour Organisation17/10/60
Charter of the United Nations07/10/60
Convention on the International Maritime Organization15/3/60
General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade01/10/60


CountryTreaty TitleDate of SigningDate of Entry into Force
South AfricaAgreement on Co-operation in the Fields of Mining, Geology, Exploration and Beneficiation of Minerals and Energy.2005-07-27 (in South Africa)


UN Environmental  Programme (UNEP)

Food & Agric.  Organisation, FAO

World Health Organisation, (WHO)

International’ Maritime Organisation, IMO

International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)

World Meteorological Organization (WMO)

World Nature Organisation(WNO)

Earth System Gov. Project (ESGP)

Global Environment Facility (GEF)

Intergov’tal Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)

International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)

European Environment Agency (EEA)

Partnerships in Environnental Management., for the Seas of East Asia (PEMSEA)


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