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PEOPLE’S BANK OF NIGERIA ACT
ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS
SCHEDULE – Supplementary provisions relating to the Board
PEOPLE’S BANK OF NIGERIA ACT
An Act to establish the People’s Bank of Nigeria to provide basic credit to underprivileged Nigerians and to make provision for related matters.
[ 1st October, 1990] [Commencement]
(1) There is hereby established a bank to be known as the People’s Bank of Nigeria (in this Act referred to as “the Bank”).
(2) The Bank shall be a corporate body with perpetual succession and a common seal and may sue and be sued in its corporate name.
(3) The Bank may, for the purposes of its functions under this Act, acquire, hold or dispose of property (whether movable or immovable).
(4) Notwithstanding the provisions of the Banks and Other Financial Institutions Act, the People’s Bank of Nigeria is hereby authorised without any other licence than this Act, to operate as a specialised bank throughout the Federal Republic of Nigeria.
(1) The functions of the Bank shall include-
(a) the provision of basic credit requirements of the under-privileged Nigerians
who are involved in legitimate economic activities in both urban and rural areas and who cannot normally benefit from the services of the orthodox banking system due to their inability to provide collateral security;
(b) the acceptance of savings from the same group of customers and make repayments of such savings together with any interests thereon, after placing the money, in bulk sums, on short term deposits with commercial and merchant banks.
(2) In this section, “underprivileged Nigerians“, as confirmed by their various trade and professional groups, include roadside mechanics, self-employed plumbers and electricians, petty traders, small-scale farmers, poultry and other livestock keepers, truck pushers, petty tailors, dress-makers, barbers, hair dressers, washermen and women, and other persons who need financial assistance to improve their trade and economic wellbeing throughout the country.
(1) There shall be a Board of Directors (in this Act referred to as “the Board”) which shall be responsible for the overall policy and general management of the Bank and shall consist of the following members, that is-
(a) a chairman;
(b) a representative of the Economic Affairs Department of the Presidency;
(c) a representative of the Governor of the Central Bank of Nigeria;
(d) a representative of the Federal Ministry of Finance Incorporated;
(e) the Managing Director of the Bank; and
(f) four other persons.
(2) The chairman and members of the Bank shall be appointed by the President on such terms and conditions as the Federal Government may, from time to time, determine.
(3) The provisions of the Schedule to this Act shall have effect to the proceedings of the Board and the other matters contained therein.
The Board shall be charged with the following functions, that is-
(a) ensuring effective and efficient implementation of the objectives for which the Bank was established;
(b) supervising and monitoring the operations of the Bank with a view to ensuring that loans go to the target population who are in need of such loans;
(c) maintaining the highest level of integrity and honesty in the operations of the Bank;
(d) ensuring that loans given out are repaid for the benefit of other beneficiaries;
(e) making recommendations to the Federal Government on any changes in the policy of the Bank that it considers desirable and necessary for the improvement of the Bank and its operation;
(f) giving guidelines to the chief executive officer of the Bank; and
(g) approving major projects of the Bank such as acquisition of equipment, building, land, etc., for the use of the Bank.
There shall be appointed by the President a Managing Director who shall be the chief executive officer of the Bank and be responsible for the day-to-day management operations of the Bank.
The Board of Directors may, subject to the provisions of this Act, appoint such other persons to be employees of the Bank as may appear to the Board to be expedient and necessary for the efficient management of the business of the Bank.
(1) The Bank shall establish and maintain a fund which shall be applied towards the disbursement of loans under this Act.
(2) The fund of the Bank shall consist of-
(a) funds allocated to the Bank by the Federal Government by way of grants or loans;
(b) funds from the Central Bank of Nigeria;
(c) funds obtained with the approval of the Federal Government at low interest rates from International Organisations or other financial institutions;
(d) funds obtained by the Bank by way of loan from other banks or by philanthropists, at low interest rates; the level of such interest shall not be higher than the Bank’s administrative charges.
Notwithstanding the provisions of section 10 of this Act, the Bank shall have power to receive grants, loans and advances and other moneys on deposit from the Federal Government, the Central Bank of Nigeria or the public financial institutions in general under such conditions as may be approved by the Federal Government.
(1) The Bank shall charge on each loan granted by it, a minimal service charge not more than five per cent to cover overheads and operating costs of the Bank.
(2) The level of this charge may be subject to changes as may be determined, from time to time, by the Board:
Provided that such service charge shall not exceed what is required for meeting administrative costs of the Bank in respect of such loan.
(1) Every loan granted by the Bank under this Act shall be repaid within a period of one year.
(2) New loans may be granted to persons who have repaid their loans in full within the period specified in subsection (1) of this section.
(3) The Board may, from time to time, adjust the minimum or maximum loan obtainable under this Act.
(1) Any loan granted by the Bank shall not be registered as free money or gift and are repayable by every borrower.
(2) Where the recipient of a loan under this Act dies, the Bank shall endeavour to retrieve as much as possible the loan or its residue by whatever means it may consider appropriate in the circumstances, including disposal of asset or property purchased with the loan.
(1) The loans taken from the Bank shall be invested within a short period thereafter, except in extenuating circumstances such as death of close relative or serious illness of the borrower.
(2) The zonal offices of the Bank shall monitor every person obtaining loans from the Bank to ensure that loans are used for the purposes for which they were obtained.
The funds given to the Bank for disbursement as loans under this Act shall be used only for that purpose and shall not under any circumstances be diverted, vired or used for payment of staff salaries or purchase of equipment or services.
(1) The Board shall cause to be prepared and submitted to the Minister not later than 30 September in each year an estimate of the expenditure and income of the Board during the next succeeding financial year.
(2) The Board shall cause to be kept proper accounts and proper records in relation thereto and when certified by the Board such accounts shall be audited within six months after the end of the period to which they relate by auditors appointed by the Board from the list and in accordance with the guidelines supplied by the Auditor-General for the
(1) The Board of the Bank shall submit quarterly reports on its activities.
(2) It shall be the duty of the Bank to prepare and submit to the President, not later than three months after the end of each year, a report of activities of the Bank during the immediate preceding year.
(1) The auditing of the Accounts of the Bank shall be completed not later than three months after the end of each year by the Auditor-General for the Federation or an external auditor appointed by him for that purpose.
(2) The audited accounts and the auditor’s comments and observations on the accounts shall be submitted to the secretary to the Government of the Federation for onward presentation to the President not later than six months after the end of each year.
The Board may, with the approval of the President, make regulations as may be necessary for giving effect to the provisions of this Act; and in particular but without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing, it may make regulations-
(a) governing the granting of loans, advances and the making of deposits;
(b) regulating the relationship between the Bank and other financial institutions;
(c) prescribing the terms, conditions, rates of advances, credits and other transactions which the bank may undertake, from time to time;
(d) prescribing forms of applications, agreements and other materials necessary for the control of the grant of advances, credits, guarantees and any other transactions which the Bank may undertake, from time to time;
(e) prescribing such other matters as may be incidental or supplemental to the functions of the Bank under this Act.
(1) The provisions of the Banks and Other Financial Institutions Act shall not apply to the Bank established under section 1 of this Act.
(2) The Bank shall be exempted from the payment of income and companies tax as may be prescribed under any enactment relating to income tax or taxation of companies in Nigeria.
This Act may be cited as the People’s Bank of Nigeria Act.
[Section 3 (3).]
Supplementary provisions relating to the Board
(a) any vacancy in the membership of the Board; or
(b) any defect in the appointment of a member of the Board; or
(c) reason that a person not entitled to do so took part in the proceedings of the Board.
No Subsidiary Legislation