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DISCRIMINATION AGAINST PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES (PROHIBITION) ACT, 2018
This Act provides for the full integration of persons with disabilities into the society and establishes the National Commission with the responsibilities for their education, health care, social, economic and civil rights.
DISCRIMINATION AGAINST PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES (PROHIBITION) ACT, 2018
ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS
PART I – PROHIBITION OF DISCRIMINATION, AND AWARENESS PROGRAMMES
1. Prohibition of discrimination and penalty
2. Awareness programmes
PART II – ACCESSIBILITY OF PHYSICAL STRUCTURE
3. Right of access to public premises
4. Accessibility aids in public buildings
5. Accessibility to roads, side-walk and special facilities
6. Transitory Period
7. Building Plan
8. Complaint of inaccessibility
PART III – ROAD TRANSPORTATION
9. Goods, services and facilities
10. Accessibility of vehicles
11. Provision of facilities to persons with disabilities
12. Reserved spaces.
PART IV – SEAPORTS, RAILWAYS AND AIRPORT FACILITIES
13. Seaports and railways
14. Assistive service and airline
15. Special safety briefing of persons with disabilities
PART V – LIBERTY, RIGHTS TO EDUCATION, HEALTH AND FIRST CONSIDERATION IN QUEUES, ACCOMODATION AND IN EMERGENCY
16. Prohibition of use of persons with disabilities in soliciting for alms and penalty
17. Rights to free education
18. Inclusiveness of education
19. Subsidised education for special education personnel
20. Appropriate mode of education for persons with disabilities
21. Free healthcare
22. Certificate of disability
23. Unlawful procurement of certificate of disability
24. Provision of special communication at hospitals
25. Situation of risk and humanitarian emergencies
26. Service at queues
PART VI – OPPORTUNITY FOR EMPLOYMENT AND PARTICIPATION IN POLITICS AND PUBLIC LIFE
28. Equal right to work
29. Opportunity for employment
30. Participation in politics
PART VII – ESTABLISHMENT OF THE NATIONAL COMMISSION FOR PESONS WITH DISABILITIES
31. Establishment of National Commission for Persons with Disabilities
32. Establishment of membership of the Governing Council.
33. Proceeding of the Council
34. Tenure of office
35. Cessation of office
36. Allowances of members
37. Powers of the Council
38. Functions of the Commission
39. Powers of the Commission
PART VIII – APPOINTMENT AND DUTIES OF THE EXECUTIVE SECRETARY AND OTHER STAFF
40. Appointment and duties of the Executive Secretary of the Commission
41. Staff of the Commission and their remuneration
42. Appointment and secondment from public service
43. The structure of the Commission
44. Pension and gratuity
45. Funds of the Commission
46. Power to accept gifts
47. Power to borrow
48. Annual estimate and expenditure
50. Annual report
51. Power to acquire land.
PART IX – MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS
52. Service of documents
53. Payment of judgment debt
54. Indemnity of officers
55. Waives of proof of special damages
PART X – INTERPRETATION
DISCRIMINATION AGAINST PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES (PROHIBITION) ACT, 2018
An Act to provide for the full integration of persons with disabilities into the society, establish the National Commission for People with Disabilities and vest in the Commission the responsibilities for their education, health care, social, economic and civil rights; and for related matters
Commencement [17TH JANUARY, 2019]
ENACTED by the National Assembly of the Federal Republic of Nigeria –
PART I – PROHIBITION OF DISCRIMINATION, AND AWARENESS PROGRAMMES
Prohibition of discrimination and penalty
1.(1) A person with disability shall not be discriminated against on the gound of his disability by any person or institution in any manner or circumstance.
(2) A person who contravenes subsection (1), commits an offence and is liable on conviction to, if the person is –
(a) a body corporate, a fine of N1,000,000.00; and
(b) an individual, a fine of N100,000.00 or six months imprisonment or both
(3) Notwithstanding the prosecution, conviction o otherwise of any person for any offence under this Act, the person against whom the crime or wrong is committed may maintain a civil action against the person committing the offence or causing the injury, without prejudice to any conviction or acquittal.
2. The Federal Ministry of Information shall make provisions for promotion of awareness regarding the –
(a) rights, respect and dignity of persons with disabilities; and
(b) capabilities, achievements and contributions of persons with disabilities to the society.
PART II – ACCESSIBILTIY OF PHYSICAL STRUCTURE
Right of access to public premises
3. A person with disability has the right to access the physical environment and buildings on an equal basis with others.
Accessibility aids in public building
4. A public building shall be constructed with the necessary accessibility aids such as life (where necessary), ramps end any other facility that shall make them accessible to and usable by persons with disabilities.
Accessibilities to roads side-walks and special facilities
5. Road side-walks, pedestrian crossings and all other special facilities as set out in the First Schedule made for public use shall be made accessible to and usable by person with disabilities including those on wheelchair and visually impaired.
6. From the date of the commencement of this Act, there shall be a transitory period of five years within which all public buildings and structures, whether immovable, movable or automobile, which were inaccessible to persons with disabilities shall be modified to be accessible to and usable by persons with disabilities including on wheelchairs.
7. (1) Before erecting any public structure, its plan shall be scrutinized by the relevant authority to ensure that the plan conforms with the building code.
(2) A government or government agency, body or individual responsible fo the approval of building plans shall not approve the plan of a public building if the plan does not make provision for accessibility facilities in line with the building code.
(3) An officer who approves or directs the approval of a building plan that contravenes the building code, commits an offence and is liable on conviction to a fine at least N1,000,000 or a term of imprisonment of two years or both.
Complaint of inaccessibility
8.(1) Subject to section 7, in the event of the existence of a state of inaccessibility or barrier to access of a person with disability to an environment that he has a right o duty to access, he may, without prejudice to his right to seek redress in court, notify the relevant authority in charge of the environment of the existence of the state of inaccessibility or barrier to accessibility of the environment, and the relevant authority in charge shall take immediate and necessary steps to remove the barrier and make the environment accessible to the person with disability.
(2) A relevant authority in charge that receives the notice in subsection (1) but fails to comply, commits an offence and is liable on conviction, if it is –
(a) a corporate body, N10,000 damages payable to the effected person fo each day of default; or
(b) an individual, N5,000 damages payable to the effected person each day of default or six months imprisonment or both.
PART III – ROAD TANSPORTATION
Goods, services and facilities
9. (1) A person, who whether for payment or not, provides goods or services, or makes facilities available, shall not discriminate against another person with disability by –
(a) refusing to provide those goods o services or make those facilities available to him
(b) the terms or conditions on which the provider provides those goods or services or make those facilities available to him; or
(c) the manner in which the provider provides those goods or services or makes those facilities available to him.
Accessibility of vehicles
10. (1) Government transport services providers shall make provisions for lifts, ramps and other accessible aids to enhance the accessibility of their vehicles, parks and bus stop to persons with disabilities including those on wheel-chairs.
(2) Every public vehicle shall have functional available and visual display of their destination within five years from the commencement of this Act.
Provision of facilities to persons with disabilities
11. (1) Transport service providers shall make provisions for lifts, ramps and other accessible aids to enhance the accessibility of their vehicles, parks and bus stops to persons with disabilities including those on wheelchairs.
(2) Lifts, ramps and all other accessibility equipment in or for vehicles, and at parks or bus stops shall be maintained in operational condition.
(3) There shall be regular and frequent maintenance of all accessibility aids and equipment, and defective ones shall be promptly repaired or replaced.
(4) Before a person with disability boards or alights from a vehicle, the driver shall ensure that the vehicle comes to a stop.
(5) When a person with disability intends to board a vehicle, all other intending passengers shall wait for him to boar before them.
12. (1) At public lots, suitable spaces be properly marked and reserved for persons with disabilities.
(2) For a person with disability to be entitled to the use of the space in subsection (1), his car shall have been properly identified with the necessary insights.
(3) A person, organisation or corporate body in control of a public lot which fails to provide for the reserved spaces in subsection (1), commits an offence and is liable on conviction to a fine of N1,000 for each day of default.
(4) A person without disability who parks a vehicle in the reserved space in subsection (1), commits an offence and is liable on conviction to a fine of N5,000.
(5) A person who intentionally obstructs the reserved space in subsection (1) commits an offence and is liable on conviction to a fine of N5,000.
(6) Subsection (4) does not apply if a person with disability is a passenger in the vehicle.
PART IV – SEAPORTS, RAILWAYS AND AIRPORT FACILITIES
Seaports and railways
13. (1) Seaports facilities and vessels shall be made accessible to persons with disabilities.
(2) Railway stations, trains and facilities in the trains shall be made accessible to persons with disabilities.
(3) The transitory provision contained in the section 6 shall apply to the provisions of this section.
Assistive service and airline
14. (1) All airlines operating in Nigeria shall _
(a) ensue the accessibility of their aircraft to persons with disabilities
(b) make available presentable and functional wheelchairs for the conveyance of persons with disabilities who need them to and from the aircraft;
(c) ensure that persons with disabilities are assisted to get on and off board in safety and reasonable comfort; and
(d) ensure that person with disabilities are accorded priority while boarding and disembarking from the aircraft.
(2) All airports shall make available for the conveyance of persons with disabilities who need presentable and functional assistive and protective devices to and from the aircraft.
Special safety briefing of persons with disabilities
15. Any general information shall be translated into the accessible format appropriate to the person with disability present.
PART V – LIBERTY, RIGHT TO EDUCATION, HEALTH AND FIRST CONSIDERATION IN QUEUES, ACCOMMODATION AND IN EMERGENCIES
Prohibition of use of persons with disabilities in soliciting for alms and penalty
16. (1) A person shall not –
(a) employ, use o involve a person with disability in begging;
(b) parade persons with disabilities in public with intention of soliciting for alms; or
(c) use condition of disability as a guise for the purpose of begging in public.
(2) A person who contravenes subsection (1) commits an offence and is liable on conviction to a fine of N100,000 or a term of six months imprisonment or both.
Rights to free education
17. (1) A person with disability shall have an unfettered right to education without discrimination or segregation in any form.
(2) A person with disability is entitled to free education to secondary level.
(3) The Commission shall provide educational assistive devices.
Inclusiveness of education
18. (1) All public schools, whether primary, secondary or tertiary shall be run to be inclusive of and accessible to persons with disabilities, accordingly every school shall have –
(a) at least a trained personnel to enter for the educational development of persons with development of persons with disabilities; and
(b) special facilities for the effective education of persons with disabilities.
(2) Braille, sign language and other skills for communicating with persons with disabilities shall form part of the curricula of primary, secondary and tertiary institutions.
Subsidised education for special education personnel
19. The education of special education shall be highly subsidised.
Appropriate mode of education for persons with disabilities
20. Government shall ensure that the education of persons with disabilities, particularly children who are blind, deaf or with multiple disabilities, is delivered in the most appropriate language, mode and means of communication for the individual, and in environments which maximize academic and social development.
21. (1) Government shall guarantee that persons with disabilities have unfettered access to adequate health care without discrimination on the basis of disability.
(2) A person with mental disability shall be entitled to free medical and health service in all public institutions.
Certificate of disability
22. (1) A person with mental disability shall obtain a Permanent Certificate of Disability from the Commission.
(2) If a doctor suspects disability in the course of treatment of a person who before was not a person with disability, the doctor may with the approval of the Commission, issue a Temporary Certificate of Disability which shall last for not longer than 180 day.
(3) If the state of disability persists beyond 180 days, the Commission on the recommendation of a doctor, shall issue the person a Permanent Certificate of Disability which shall last for as long as the state of the disability persists.
(4) A person issued with a Permanent Certificate of Disability is entitled to all rights and privilege under this Act.
Unlawful procurement of certificate of disability
23. A person who unlawfully issues or obtains a Certificate of Disability, commits an offence and is liable on conviction to a fine of N200,000 or imprisonment for a term of one year o both.
Provision of special communication at hospitals
24. A public hospital where a person with communication disabilities in medically attended to shall make provision for special communication.
Situation of risk and humanitarian emergencies
25. In all situations of risk, violence, emergencies and the concurrences of natural disasters, the Government shall take all necessary steps to ensure the safety and protection of persons with disabilities taking a cognizance of their peculiar vulnerability.
Service of queues
26. (1)In queues, persons with disabilities shall be given first consideration and, as much as possible, be attended to outside the queue.
(2) A person who contravenes this section commits an offence and is liable on conviction to a fine of N50,000.00 or term of six months imprisonment or both.
27. If accommodation is being provided by schools for their students, employers for their employees, service providers for their customers, organizations for their members, government for the people and in any other circumstance whatsoever, persons with disabilities shall be given first consideration.
PART VI – OPPORTUNITY FOR EMPLYMENT AND PARTICIPATION IN POLITICS AND PUBLIC LIFE
Equal right to work
28. (1) A person with disability has the right to work on an equal basis with others and this includes the right to opportunity to gain a living by work freely chosen or accepted in a labour market and work environment that is open.
(2) A person who contravenes subsection (1), commits an offence and is liable on conviction to nominal damages of a minimum of N250,000 payable to the affected person with disability.
(3) Where a company contravenes subsection (1)
(a) the company commits an offence and is liable to nominal damages of minimum of N500,000 payable to the affected person with disability; and
(b) any principal officer of the company involved in the violation is liable to N50,000 damages payable to the affected person with disability.
Opportunity for employment
29. All employer of labour in public organizations shall, as much as possible, have persons with disabilities constituting at least 5% of their employment.
Participation in politics
30. (1) Persons with disabilities shall be encouraged to fully participate in politics and public lif.
(2) Government shall actively promote an environment in which persons with disabilities can effectively and fully participate in –
(a) the conduct of public affairs without discrimination;
(b) non-governmental organizations and associations concerned with the public and political life of the country; and
(c) activities and administration of political parties
PART VII – ESTABLISHMENT OF THE NATIONAL COMMISSION FOR PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES
Establishment of National Commission for persons with disabilities
31. (1) There is established the National Commission for Persons with Disabilities (in this Act referred to as “the Commission”) to be placed under the Presidency.
(2) The Commission –
(a) is a body with –
(i) perpetual succession,
(ii) a common seal; and
(b) may sue and be sued in its corporate name; and
(c) may acquire, hold and dispose of property, movable or immovable.
(3) The head office of the Commission shall be in the Federal Capital Territory, Abuja.
Establishment and membership of the Governing Council
32.(1) There is established a Governing Council for the Commission (in this referred to as the “the Council”) which shall conduct the affairs of the Commission.
(2) The Council shall consist of –
(a) a part time chairman;
(b) one person with disability from each geopolitical zone;
(c) a representative each from the Federal Ministry of –
(iv) Women Affairs,
(viii) Labour and Productivity,
(ix) Justice, and
(x) Finance; and
(d) a representative each from the National Human Rights Commission and the National Planning Commission.
(3) The Chairman of the Council and representative each from the 6 geo-political zones, shall be appointed by the President to the confirmation of the Senate.
Proceeding of the Council
supplementary provisions set out in the
Second Schedule to this Act shall have effect with respect to the proceedings of the Council and the other matters contained in the Schedule.
Tenure of office
34. The Chairman and members of the Council shall each hold office –
(a) for a term of four years and may be re-appointed for a further term of four years and no more; and
(b) on such terms and conditions as may be specified in their letters of appointment.
Cessation of office
35. (1) A person ceases to hold office as a member of the Council if he –
(a) becomes bankrupt, or compounds with his creditors;
(b) is convicted of a felony o any offence involving dishonesty o fraud;
(c) is disqualified of his professional qualification;
(d) is guilty of a serious misconduct in relation to his duties; and
(e) resigns his appointment by a letter addressed to the President.
(2) If a member of the Council ceases to hold office for any reason before the expiration of the term for which he is appointed, another person representing the same interest as that member shall be appointed to the Council for the unexpired term.
(3) A member of the Council shall be removed by the President on the recommendation of the Council if he is satisfied that is not in the interest of the Commission or the public that the member continues in that office.
Allowances of members
36. Members of the Council shall be paid allowances and expenses as the Government may direct.
Power of the Council
37. The Council shall power to –
(a) manage and superintend over the affairs of the Commission;
(b) make rules and regulations for the effective running of the Commission;
(c) employ the staff of the Commission on such remunerations or allowances as payables to persons in similar organizations in the country;
(d) enter into contract as may be necessary or expedient for the discharge of its duties and ensure efficient performance of the functions of the Commission; and
(e) receive, disburse and account for funds of the Commission.
Functions of the Commission
38. The Commission shall –
(a) formulate and implement policies and guidelines as appropriate for the education and social development of persons with disabilities.
(b) prepare schemes designed to promote social of welfare of persons with disabilities by encouraging and the estimate of cost of implement such scheme;
(c) promote and uplift the general social well-being of the persons with disabilities by encouraging the public to change their attitude toward persons with disabilities;
(d) make available not less than 5% of the work force to qualified persons with disabilities;
(e) enlighten the public and encourage persons with disabilities;
(f) collect data and records on special education of persons with disabilities, which shall be a regular exercise so that the persons with disabilities are identified, and enumerated for planning and with treatment;
(g) ensure that all facilities in each community all over the Federation shall be built or modified, where and when feasible, to accommodate the special needs of persons with disabilities;
(h) ensure the monitoring, evaluation and realization of government policy objectives on persons with disabilities;
(i) facilitate the procurement of scholarship awards for persons with disabilities up to university level;
(j) establish and promote inclusive schools, vocational and rehabilitation centers for the development of persons with disabilities;
(k) liaise with the public and private sectors and other bodies to ensure that the peculiar interests of persons with disabilities are taken into consideration in every government policy, programme and activity;
(l) issue insignia of identification with persons with disabilities;
(m) in collaboration with other relevant government agencies and professional bodies in the building industry, enforce compliance of public building codes and impose necessary sanctions and make appropriate orders;
(n) receive complaints of persons with disabilities on the violation of their rights;
(o) support an individual’s right to seek redress in court, investigation, prosecution or sanctioning, in appropriate cases, the violation of the provision of this Act.
(p) ensure research, development and education on disability issues and disabled persons;
(q) collaborate with the media to make information available in accessible format for persons with disabilities; and
(r) procure assistive devices for all disability types.
Power of the Commission
39. (1) The Commission shall have power to do any lawful thing, which facilitate carrying out of its functions and in particular may –
(a) enter into contract for the education and welfare of persons with disabilities;
(b) purchase or acquire any assets, business or property considered necessary for the proper conduct of its functions;
(c) sell, let, lease or dispose of any of its property;
(d) undertake or sponsor research where necessary for the performance of its functions; and
(e) train managerial, technical or other category of staff for the purpose of running the affairs of the Commission.
(2) The power conferred on the Commission may be exercised by it or through any of its employees or agent authorised in that behalf by the Commission.
(3) The Commission shall not be subject to a direction, control or suspension by any other authority or person in the performance of its functions under this Act except the President.
PART VII – APPOINTMENT AND DUTIES OF THE EXECUTIVE SECRETARY AND OTHER STAFF
Appointment and duties of the Executive Secretary of the Commission
40. (1) There shall be an Executive Secretary for the Commission who shall –
(a) have such qualification and experience as appropriate for a person required to perform the functions of that office;
(b) be a person with disability; and
(c) be responsible to the Council for the execution of the policies and administration of the daily affairs of the Commission.
Staff of the commission and their remuneration
41. The Council shall appoint for the Commission such number of employees as may, in the opinion of the Council, be expedient and necessary for the proper and efficient performance of the functions of the Commission.
Appointment and secondment from public service.
42. (1) The Council may appoint for the Commission, either directly or by secondment from any Public Service of the Federation, such number of employees as may, in the opinion of the Council, be required to assist the Commission in the performance of any of its functions under this Act.
(2) The person seconded under this section, may elect to be transferred to the service of the Commission, and any previous service the person any have rendered in the Public Service shall count as service to the Commission for the purpose of any pension subsequently payable by the Commission.
Structure of the Commission
43. There shall be established, in the head office of the Commission, such departments as may be deemed necessary for the effective and efficient functioning of the Commission.
Pension and gratuity
44. The staff of the Commission are entitled to pension, gratuity, and any other retirement benefit in accordance with the Pension Reform Act. Act No. 4, 2014
Funds of the Commission
45. (1) The Commission shall establish and maintain a fund into which shall be paid and credited –
(a) all subventions and budgetary allocations from the Federal Government of Nigeria; and
(b) such money as may be granted to the Commission by anybody or institution within or outside Nigeria.
(2) The Commission shall defray all expenditures incurred by it including –
(a) cost of administration;
(b) payment of salaries, fees, or other remuneration, allowances, pensions and gratuities payable to members and employees of the Commission; and
(c) anything done in connection with any of its functions.
(3) The Council shall cause the amount of the Commission to be audited, quarterly and shall be externally audited once every year.
Power to accept gifts
46. (1) The Commission may accept gift of land, money or other property on such terms and conditions, if any, as may be specified by the person or organisation making the gift, provided such terms and conditions are not inconsistent with any prevailing law.
(2) The Commission shall not accept any gift the conditions attached are inconsistent with the functions of the Commission under this Act.
Power to borrow
47. The Commission may borrow such money as it may require to execute or complete some special projects of the Commission.
Annual estimate and expenditure
48. (1) The Commission shall –
(a) cause to be kept accounts and records of transaction and affairs of the Commission; and
(b) ensue that all payments out of its Funds are correctly made and properly authorised.
(2) The Commission shall ensure that adequate control is maintained over the assets of, or in the custody of, the Commission and over its incurring of liabilities.
49. (1) The Auditor-General for the Federation shall –
(a) inspect and audit the account and records of financial transactions of the Commission;
(b) inspect records relating to assets of the Commission; and
(c) draw the attention of the Secretary of the Government of the Federation to any irregularities disclosed by the inspection and audit.
(2) The Auditor-General for the Federation may dispense with all or any part of detailed inspection and audit of an account or record referred to in subsection (1).
(3) The auditor or an officer authorised by him is entitled at all reasonable time to a full and free access to all account records, documents and papers of the Commission relating directly or indirectly to the receipt or payment of money by the Commission or to the requisition received, custody or disposal of assets by the Commission.
50. The Commission shall submit –
(a) an annual report of its activities to the office of the Secretary to the Government of the Federation not later than 30th June of each financial year; and
(b) a copy of its audited accounts and a copy of the annual report to the National Assembly.
Power to acquire land
51. The Commission may, subject to the Land Use Act, acquire any land for the purpose of performing its functions. Cap. L5, LFN 2004.
PART IX – MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS
Service of documents
52. A notice, summons or other documents required or authorised to be served upon the Commission under the provisions of this Act, any other law or enactment may be served by delivering it to the Executive Secretary o by sending it by registered post and addressing it to the Executive Secretary at the head office of the Commission.
Payment of judgment debit
53. Any such money which may be the judgment of any court awarded against the Commission shall be paid from the Fund of the Commission.
Indemnity of officers
54. A member of the Council, the Executive Secretary, any officer or employee of the Commission shall be indemnified against any proceeding, whether civil or criminal, in which judgment is given in his favour or in which is acquitted, if any such proceeding is brought against him in his capacity as a member of the Council, the Executive Secretary, officer or the employee of the Commission.
Waivers of proof of special damages
55. (1) To be entitled to the damages specifically provided in this Act, it shall be sufficient for a plaintiff or claimant, as the case may be, in a court proceeding to prove the violation of the relevant section of this Act without specific proof of damages.
(2) Nothing in this Act shall prevent a court from accessing and awarding general and special damages in addition to the normal damages provided for in this Act.
56. The Council may make regulations for the purpose of carrying out or giving full effect to the provisions of this Act.
57. In this Act –
“accessibility aid” includes any fixture and device that aids accessibility;
“accommodation” in the context of housing, includes residential o business accommodation;
“assistive device” means any device that assists, increased or improves the functional capacities of persons with disabilities;
“Commission” means National Commission for people with Disabilities established under this Act;
“Commission agent” means the person who does work for the Commission as its age t and who is remunerated, whether in whole or in part by the Commission;
“disabled” means living a disability;
“disability” includes long term physical, mental, intellectual or sensory impairment which in interaction with various barriers may hinder full and effective participation in society on equal basis with others;
“discrimination” means differential treatment and its verbs and infinite form, discriminate, to discriminate have the corresponding signification;
“document” inclusive any book register or other record of information, however compiled, record or stored;
“educational authority” means a body of persons administering an education institution;
“educational institution” means a school, college, university or other institution at which education or training is provided;
“employee” includes applicant or prospective employee, commission agent, contract worker, independent contractor, or person applying to the commission agent, contract worker or independent contractor;
“employer” includes prospective employer, principal and a person who engages or proposes to engage a commission agent, contract worker or independent contractor;
“employer of labour” means employer as interpreted by the Employer’s Compensation Act No. 13, 2010;
“function” includes duty;
“government employee” means a person who is appointed, employed or engaged in the public service of, or by a public authority of the Federation, a State, the Federal Capital Territory or a local government, or holds an administrative office;
“person” includes natural, artificial, juristic or judicial persons, companies, enterprises, firms, organizations, association, government departments, ministries, parastatals;
“person with disabilities” means –
(a) a person who has received temporary or Permanent Certificate of Disability to have condition which is expected to continue permanently or for a considerable length of time which can reasonably be expected to limit the person’s functional ability substantially, but not limited to seeing, hearing, thinking, ambulating, climbing, descending, lifting, grasping, rising, and includes any related function or any limitation due to weakness or significantly decreased endurance so that he cannot perform his everyday routine, living and working without significantly increased hardship and vulnerability to everyday obstacles and hazards; and
(b) a person with long term physical, mental, intellectual or sensory impairment which in interaction with various barriers may hinder their full and effective participation in society on equal basis with others;
“premises” includes a structure, building, aircraft, vehicle, train or vessel, a place (whether enclosed or built on or not) and a part of premises;
“President” means President and Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces of the Federal Republic of Nigeria;
“public building” means a building owned by government or government agency or a building available for the use of members of the public;
“relative” in relation to a person, means a person who is related to the first mentioned person by blood, marriage affinity or adoption;
“special communication” means special means (including sign language augmentative and alternative communication) of communicating with person with speech or hearing disability;
“special facilities” means any provision whether movable or immovable that enhances easy access and enjoyment in public buildings by persons with disabilities significantly decreased endurance so that he cannot perform his everyday routine, living and working without significantly increased hardship and vulnerability to everyday obstacles and hazards;
“state” means each of the State of the Federation, and includes the Federal Capital Territory;
“student” in relation to an education institution, includes a candidate or applicant for admission into that educational institution;
“undue hardship” means significant difficulty o expense, when considered in light of such factors as –
(a) The nature and cost of the accommodation needed to take care of a disabled person’s special needs
(b) the overall financial resources of the facility or facilities involved in the provision of the reasonable accommodation and the number of persons employed at such facility;
(c) the effect on expenses and resources or the impact otherwise of such accommodation upon the operation at such facility;
(d) the overall finances of the person or organistion having to deal with person with disability, with the overall size if his or its business with respect to the number of its employees, the number, type, and location of its facilities; and
(e) the type of operation or operations of such person or organisation, including the composition, structure and fraction of his or its workforce, the geographic, separateness, administrative, o fiscal relationship- of the facility or facilities in question to such person or organisation.
58. This Act may be cited as the Discrimination Against Persons with Disabilities (Prohibition) Act, 2018.
1. Wheel chairs, clear floors or ground space on wheel chairs, wheel chair passage and turning space
2. Crutches, guide canes etc
3. Hearing Aid
4. Curb ramps
6. Handrails, grab bars
7. Stain-shopping stairs
8. Elevator or lifts
10. Entrance doors
11. Drinking fountains and water coolers
12. Toilet facilities
13. Door protective and re-opening devices manoeuvring entrances at doors
14. Parking spaces and passenger loading zones
15. Accessible routes including walk ways, windows, aisles and spaces
16. Alarm –
(a) audible alarms;
(b) visual alarms; and
(c) auxiliary alarms
SUPPLEMENTARY PROVISIONS RELATING TO THE COUNCIL
Proceedings of the Council
1. (1) Subject to this Act and section 27 of the Interpretation Act, the Council may make standing orders regulating its proceedings or those of any of its Committees.
(2) The quorum of the Council shall be the Chairman or the person presiding at the meeting and five other members of the Council, one of whom shall be an ex-officio member, and the quorum of any committee of the Council shall be determined by the Council.
2. (1) The Council shall meet whenever it is summoned by the Chairman and if the Chairman is required to do so by notice given to him by at least eight other members, he shall summon a meeting of the council to be held within 14 days from the date on which the notice was given.
(2) Where the Council desires to obtain the advice of any person on a particular matter, the Council may co-opt him to the Council for such period as it deems fit but a person who is in attendance by virtue of this paragraph is not entitled to vote at any meeting of the Council and shall not count towards a quorum.
3. (1) The Council may set up one or more committees to perform, on behalf of the Council, such functions as the Council may determine.
(2) A committee set up under paragraph (1) shall consider such number of persons as may be determined by the Council and a person shall hold office in the Committee in accordance with the terms of his appointment.
(3) A decision of a committee of the Council is of no effect until it is confirmed by the Council.
4. (1) The affixing of the seal of the Commission shall be authenticated by the signatures of the Chairman, Executive Secretary or any other member of the Council generally o specifically authorised by the Council to act for that purpose.
(2) A contract or instrument, which if made or executed by any person not being a body corporate would not be required to be under seal, may be executed on behalf of the Commission by the Executive Secretary or any person generally authorised by the Council to act for that purpose.
(3) A document purporting to be a document duly executed under the seal of the Commission shall be received in evidence and shall, unless the contrary is proved, be presumed to be so executed.
5. The validity of any proceeding of the Council or Commission shall not be adversely affected by a –
(a) vacancy in the membership of the Council or Committee;
(b) defect in the appointment of a member of the Council or Committee; or
(c) reason that a person not entitled to do so took part in the proceedings of the Council or Committee.
Section 38 (m)
Notice has been taken of the fact that your Programme is not inclusive of Disabilities Issues
In particular: ……………………………………………………………………………….
This contravenes section 38 of Discrimination against Persons with Disabilities (Prohibition) Act, you are hereby ordered to immediately comply with the Act.
Take note that if, after three months from receipt of this order, you still remain in default, you operational licence shall be withdrawn.
Section 22 (1)
CERTIFICATE OF PERMANENT DISABILITY
This is to certify that ……………………………………………………………..…………… of ………………..……………………………… was examined by me ………………………. on this day of ………………………………….. and found to be permanently incapacitated.
CERTIFICATE OF TEMPORARY DISABILITY
Section 22 (2)
This is to certify that …………………………………………………………. of ……………………………………………………………. Was examined by me ……………………………………………………. On this day of ……………………….. and found to be temporarily incapacited
ALPHABETICAL INDEX TO THE LAWS OF NIGERIA (UPDATED)