CORONER’S SYSTEM LAW OF LAGOS STATE

DOWNLOAD OF A COPY OF THIS LAW IS AVAILABLE [N1,500 (PDF) AND N3000 (WORD)] CLICK HERE FOR ONLINE PAYMENT OR TRANSFER TO TREE & TREES, 0013401871, GTBANK. ALL THE LAWS OF LAGOS STATE IS ALSO AVAILABLE AS A COMPENDIUM. EMAIL: lawnigeria@gmail.com or info@gmail.com or Text/WhatsApp +23407067102097

LIST OF LAWS OF LAGOS, [ALPHABETICAL]  
A- C G – K M – I R – T
D – F L – L P – P U – Z

CORONER’S SYSTEM LAW

ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS

General Provisions

1.       Establishment of the State Coroners’ System

2.       Office of the Chief Coroner

3.       Functions of the Chief Coroner

4.       Appointment of Coroners

5.       Power to divide the State into Coroner’s Districts

6.       Establishment of Coroner’s Court in each district

7.       Establishment of the Office of the Chief Medical Examiner

8.       Structure of the Office of the Chief Medical Examiner

9.       Qualification for the post of Chief Medical Examiner

10.     Functions of the Chief Medical Examiner

11.     Office of the District Medical Examiner

12.     Functions of the District Medical Examiner

13.     Finance of the Office of the Chief Medical Examiner

14.     Report of death

15.     When inquest to be held

16.     Tampering with bodies

17.     Power to order exhumation

18.     Inquest on all deaths occurring in custody

19.     Death in execution of a judgment of Court

20.     Inquest to be held by the Coroner of the place where body is found

21.     Inquest where body is destroyed or irrecoverable

22.     Postponement of chemical preservation or disposal until after inquest

23.     Notice of death

24.     Protection of informant of reportable death

25.     Duty of agencies for report of death

Post-Mortem Examination

26.     Coroner may direct post-mortem examination

27.     Medical Examiner to perform a post-mortem examination and report his findings

28.     Retention of human tissue

29.     Payment of storage fees

30.     Retention of abandoned bodies for academic and anatomical examination

Procedure at Inquest

31.     Provisions regarding the viewing of body

32.     Coroner may exercise powers of a Magistrate

33.     Coroner to take evidence on oath

34.     Coroner not bound by rules of evidence

35.     Power to take deposition of witness who is unable to attend

36.     Coroner to grant standing to interested persons

37.     Protection of witnesses

38.     Staying and resumption of inquest

39.     Order for arrest of suspect

40.     The inquisition

41.     Authorities to receive the verdict

42.     Where the culprit is unknown

43.     Where the culprit cannot be found

44.     Return of inquisitions and powers of Chief Coroner to review

45.     Power of Chief Coroner on application of Attorney-General

46.     Inquest on any day including public holidays or in private

47.     Coroner to transmit particulars of death to the Registrar of Births and Deaths

48.     Offences and penalties

49.     Power to make rules and regulations

50.     Forms in the Second Schedule

51.     Repeal

52.     Interpretation

53.     Citation and Commencement

CORONER’S SYSTEM LAW

A LAW TO ESTABLISH THE LAGOS STATE CORONERS’ SYSTEM, REGULATE THE PROCESS OF DEATH INVESTIGATION AND FOR CONNECTED PURPOSES

[Commencement]           [18th May 2007]

THE LAGOS STATE HOUSE OF ASSEMBLY enacts as follows:

General Provisions

1.      Establishment of the Lagos State Coroners’ System

(1)     There is established a Coroners’ System for the State;

(2)     The Coroners’ System shall be under the control and administration of the Chief Coroner of the State.

2.      Office of the Chief Coroner

(1)     The Chief Judge shall appoint a Judge of the High Court as the Chief Coroner of the State.

(2)     The Chief Coroner shall hold the office for a period of four (4) years and may be appointed for another term;

(3)     Appointment of a High Court Judge as Chief Coroner shall not affect the tenure of office of the Judge or any rights or privileges attached to the office;

(4)     Service by a Judge as the Chief Coroner shall be taken to be service as a Judge of the High Court.

3.      Functions of the Chief Coroner

The Chief Coroner shall—

(a)     ensure that the State Coroners’ System is administered and operated efficiently under this Law;

(b)     co-ordinate Coroner services in the State;

(c)     supervise the performance of Coroner services in the State;

(d)     develop measures, guidelines and policies that promote reporting obligations under this Law;

(e)     ensure that an inquest is held whenever it is necessary or desirable to do so;

(f)      bring the findings and recommendations of coroners to the attention of the appropriate authorities;

(g)     prepare quarterly reports and submit same to the appropriate authorities on:

(i)      data of investigable deaths;

(ii)     the findings and recommendations of the Coroner in respect of such investigations; and

(iii)    any circumstance noticed during an investigation, which could be prejudicial to the health or safety of the public and submit same to appropriate authorities.

(h)     conduct programmes for the instruction of Coroners on their duties;

(i)      issue and distribute guidelines and a Code of Ethics for the guidance of Coroners;

(j)      make recommendations for public awareness and enlightenment on the Coroners’ system; and

(k)     perform such other functions as are conferred on him by this Law and do such other things as he may consider necessary for the effective administration of the Coroners’ System in the State.

4.      Appointment of Coroners

(1)     The Chief Judge of the State:

(a)     shall designate a Magistrate not below Magistrate Grade I to be a Coroner in each Coroner District in the State;

(b)     may appoint any other fit person, such person being a legal practitioner of not less than five (5) years’ post qualification experience, to hold inquests under this Law in respect of any death, within any of the Coroner Districts in the State.

5.      Power to divide the State into Coroner’s Districts

(1).    The Chief Judge may—

(a)     divide the State or any portion of the State into Coroner’s Districts for the purpose of this Law;

(b)     constitute in any part of the State a Coroner’s District or Districts for the purposes of this Law;

(c)     distinguish such Districts by such names or numbers as he may think proper; and

(d)     vary the limits of any such District.

(2)     A Coroner may act as Coroner of another District—

(a)     during the illness, incapacity or unavoidable absence of the Coroner for that District, or

(b)     where there is a vacancy in the office of the Coroner for that District.

(3)     Any inquest commenced by the Coroner may be continued, resumed or reopened in the manner provided by this Law by such Coroner or by his successor in office.

6.      Establishment of Coroner’s Court in each district

In every District, there shall be designated a court to be called the Coroner’s Court.

7.      Establishment of the Office of the Chief Medical Examiner

(1)     The Office of the Chief Medical Examiner is established under this Law to conduct death investigations.

(2)     The Chief Medical Examiner shall be appointed by the Commissioner to hold office for a term of four (4) years and may be re-appointed for a second term of four (4) years.

(3)     The Chief Medical Examiner may only be removed from Office by the Governor for the inability to discharge the functions of his Office (arising from infirmity of mind or body) or for professional misconduct determined by his professional regulatory body.

8.      Structure of the Office of the Chief Medical Examiner

The Office of the Chief Medical Examiner shall be:

(a)     a Forensic Institute;

(b)     comprised of four (4) departments with the number of units and staff as shown in the First Schedule to this Law.

9.      Qualification for the post of Chief Medical Examiner

(1)     The Chief Medical Examiner shall:

(a)     be a qualified physician licensed to practise medicine; and

(b)     in addition hold a Fellowship qualification in forensic pathology from a recognised post-graduate college with a minimum of five years’ post-qualification experience in the same field.

(2)     A District Medical Examiner with a degree in forensic pathology who has served for two (2) consecutive terms under this Law may be appointed as a Chief Medical Examiner.

10.    Functions of the Chief Medical Examiner

The functions of the Chief Medical Examiner shall be to—

(a)     perform post-mortem examinations, as well as any other ancillary investigations;

(b)     establish the cause and manner of death of any person referred to him by an order issued by the Coroner;

(c)     write detailed post-mortem examination reports with formulation of conclusions, opinions or testimony to be tendered as evidence during inquest proceedings;

(d)     regulate and ensure quality control of methods and procedures for post mortem examination to be conducted by District Medical Examiners;

(e)     train and ensure proper certification of District Medical Examiners and the proper performance of their duties under this Law;

(f)      maintain a central office and laboratories having adequate medical and scientific facilities for the performance of the duties imposed by this Law;

(g)     keep full, complete and properly indexed records of all deaths investigated and the autopsy reports made;

(h)     keep and retain any tissue or other parts taken from the body of a dead person during the conduct of autopsy which may be necessary for further study or consideration subject to the provisions of section 28 of this Law;

(i)      grant approval to any person for cremating, causing or requesting the cremation of the body of any person who died in the State; and

(j)      do such other things as are necessary for the proper performance of his functions under this Law.

11.    Office of the District Medical Examiner

(1)     The Chief Medical Examiner shall appoint a Medical Examiner for each Coroner’s District in the State to be known as the District Medical Examiner.

(2)     The District Medical Examiner shall:

(a)     be a qualified physician licensed to practise medicine;

(b)     hold a Fellowship qualification in forensic pathology; and/or anatomic pathology with at least two (2) years’ post-qualification experience in the same field;

(c)     hold office for a term of four (4) years and may be re-appointed for such further term(s) until the appointee is seventy (70) years of age.

12.    Functions of the District Medical Examiner

The functions of the District Medical Examiner shall be to:

(a)     perform post-mortem examination;

(b)     establish the cause and manner of death of any person within his District referred to him by an order issued by the Coroner;

(c)     write detailed post-mortem examination reports with formulation of conclusions, opinions or testimony to be tendered as evidence during inquest proceedings;

(d)     keep complete and properly indexed records of all deaths investigated and the autopsy reports made;

(e)     keep and retain any tissue or other parts taken from the body of a dead person during the conduct of autopsy which may be necessary for further study or consideration subject to the provisions of section 28 of this Law; and

(f)      do such other things as may be necessary for the proper performance of his functions and as may be directed by the Chief Medical Examiner.

13.    Finance of the Office of the Chief Medical Examiner

(1)     The allowances to be paid to the Chief Medical Examiner, the District Medical Examiners and the expenses of maintaining the Central Office and Laboratories with the cost of the services rendered by the Office of the Chief Medical Examiner shall be paid by the Ministry of Justice from funds drawn from the General Revenue.

(2)     The fund referred to in subsection (1) of this section shall be budgeted for by the State Ministry of Justice.

14.    Report of death

(1)     A report of death shall be made to any of the agencies for the report of death or the office of the Coroner and be subject to post-mortem examination where there is reasonable cause to believe that the cause of death was:

(a)     unknown; and

(b)     sudden or unexpected;

(c)     unreported after occurrence;

(d)     violent, unnatural or suspicious;

(e)     accidental or misadventured;

(f)      due to self-neglect or negligence by others;

(g)     an industrial disease, accident at work or industrial poisoning;

(h)     due to a negligent medical intervention, misconduct or malpractice;

(i)      due to neglect during surgery or before recovery from anaesthesia or diagnostic or therapeutic procedure;

(j)      as a result of non-conventional medical procedure or medication;

(k)     suicide, suspected suicide or assisted suicide;

(1)     a known or unknown cause while in custody or shortly afterwards;

(m)    due to an ailment within twenty-four (24) hours of hospital admission;

(n)     a maternal death occurring during or following pregnancy or that might be reasonably related to the pregnancy;

(o)     as a child in care;

(p)     an infant death as in Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SID) and non-accidental injury;

(q)     unnatural stillbirth and intrauterine death;

(r)      an ailment in a nursing home or hospice.

(2)     Where a funeral director is unable to secure proof that a medical death certificate of the cause of death had been procured from a registered medical practitioner; provided that no chemical preservation, dismemberment or disposal by any form shall precede the examination without prior written authorisation by the Medical Examiner.

15.    When inquest to be held

The Coroner shall hold an inquest whenever he is informed that the death of a deceased person lying within his Coroner District was as a result of death:

(1)     in a violent, unnatural or suspicious situation;

(2)     in custody or shortly afterwards;

(3)     due to industrial disease, accident at work or industrial poisoning;

(4)     following medical intervention;

(5)     during surgery or before recovery from anaesthesia;

(6)     from a diagnostic or therapeutic procedure regardless of time;

(7)     following a practice of non-conventional medicine or procedure; or

(8)     any maternal death occurring during or following pregnancy (up to six (6) weeks post-partum) or which might be reasonably related to the pregnancy; and

(9)     any other reportable death where the Coroner believes an inquest is desirable.

16.    Tampering with bodies

There shall be no tampering with the body of a deceased person found lying within a Coroner’s District by way of chemical preservation, dismemberment or disposal by any form, prior to the conduct of a post-mortem examination except by the prior authorisation of the Medical Examiner.

17.    Power to order exhumation

(1)     Notwithstanding any law or custom to the contrary, whenever it shall appear to any Coroner that the body of any person, who has died in circumstances requiring the holding of an inquest , has been buried without post-mortem examination having been carried out or without such inquest having been held, or where such inquest, although held, has been quashed or reopened, it shall be lawful for such Coroner by his warrant as in Form A set out in the Second Schedule to order the exhumation of such body;

(2)     The Coroner shall after such exhumation proceed to do all that is necessary to determine the cause of death and direct the re-interment of the body.

(3)     The expenses of such exhumation and re-interment shall be paid, upon the Coroner’s order from the General Revenue; provided that such exhumation shall not be ordered in any case where in the opinion of the Coroner it would be injurious to public health, or where there is no reasonable probability of a satisfactory result being obtained.

18.    Inquest on all deaths occurring in custody

Whenever any death occurs in any custody, a Coroner of the District in which such death has occurred shall hold an inquest.

19.    Death in execution of a judgment of Court

(1)     Where a death is in the execution of a judgment of Court, a Coroner shall be present at the scene of the execution.

(2)     The Coroner who witnesses the event referred to in subsection (1) of this section shall write a report to be submitted to the Chief Coroner of the State.

20.    Inquest to be held by the Coroner of the place where body is found

It shall be the duty of the Coroner within whose jurisdiction a body is found to hold an inquest on it, notwithstanding that the cause of death arose elsewhere.

21.    Inquest where body is destroyed or irrecoverable

(1)     Where a Coroner has reason to believe that a death has occurred within his District and in such circumstances that an inquest should be held, he may hold an inquest regarding the death if he considers it necessary, notwithstanding the:

(a)     total destruction or partial destruction of the body by fire or any other cause, an inquest cannot be held except by virtue of the provisions of this Section;

(b)     fact that the body is lying in a place from which it cannot be recovered.

Provided that the law relating to inquest shall apply with such modifications as may be necessary on or after a medical examination of the body found within the Coroner’s District.

22.    Postponement of chemical preservation or disposal until after inquest

A Coroner may order the postponement of chemical preservation or disposal of any body lying within his jurisdiction until an inquest has been held.

23.    Notice of death

(1)     When any body has been found or a person has died in such circumstance as to make the holding of an inquest under this Law necessary or desirable, it shall be the duty of any person who finds the body or becoming aware of the death to immediately inform any of the agencies for the report of death, or the coroner having jurisdiction over the District.

(2)     In the case of a death occurring to which the provisions of section 18 of this Law applies, it shall be the duty of the person in charge of the premises to immediately notify the Coroner having jurisdiction to hold an inquest.

24.    Protection of informant of reportable death

Any person:

(a)     who gives information in the case of a reportable death under this Law; or

(b)     whose evidence would be material in the conduct of an inquest;

shall not be arrested or his liberty tampered with unless there is reasonable evidence connecting him with the commission of the crime relating to the information he gives and a warrant of arrest has been issued for his arrest by the presiding Coroner.

25.    Duty of agencies for report of death

(l)      On information being given to any of the agencies in respect of a reportable death, such agency or a person authorised in that behalf by the agency (referred to in this Law as “the Authority”), shall proceed to the place where the body of the deceased person is lying and shall take full responsibility and carry out investigations in accordance with the functions of such agency.

(2)     The Authority shall without delay cause notice of the death as in Form B set out in the Second Schedule to this Law to be sent to a Coroner in whose district the body was found.

(3)     The relevant Authority shall arrange for the removal of the dead body to the office of the District Medical Examiner if it is found to be a reportable death and fill the relevant Form C as set out in the Second Schedule to this Law.

Post-Mortem Examination

26.    Coroner may direct post-mortem examination

If any Coroner considers it necessary while investigating the circumstances of the death of any person, to obtain a medical report on the cause and manner of death, he may, by written order as set out in Form D in the Second Schedule to this Law, require the Office of the Chief Medical Examiner to perform a post-mortem examination on the body and to make a report.

27.    Medical Examiner to perform a post-mortem examination and report his findings

(1)     Every Medical Examiner upon the receipt of the order referred to in section 26 of this Law shall perform a post-mortem examination of the body, with a view to determining the cause of death, and upon the conclusion of a post-mortem examination of the body, shall make a report in writing to the Coroner who made the order and the Chief Coroner of the State. The report of the post-mortem examination shall be as set out in Form E in the Second Schedule to this Law.

(2)     In the event of an inquest, conducted by the Coroner, such report on being read, shall be prima-facie evidence of the post-mortem examination.

28.    Retention of human tissue

Where a Medical Examiner performing a post-mortem examination for the purpose of establishing the cause and manner of death, requires to retain any human tissue or other parts from the body of a dead person, he shall apply for and obtain the consent of the Coroner and the next of kin of the deceased person where the Chief Coroner so requires:

Provided that the Medical Examiner shall give detailed information on the type and mode of retention of the human tissue as set out in Form F in the Second Schedule to this Law.

29.    Payment of storage fees

The storage fees on dead bodies in cases of investigable death requiring the conduct of an inquest shall be paid:

(a)     by the State for the days preceding the conduct of post-mortem examination; and

(b)     by the relatives or the next of kin-of the deceased two (2) days after the post-mortem examination.

30. Retention of abandoned bodies for academic and anatomical examination

(1)     Whenever it is necessary to retain an abandoned body for the purpose of academic or anatomical examination, the Chief Medical Examiner shall:

(a)     apply to the Coroner in charge of the District where the body is found indicating that the body has been abandoned for a specified period of two(2) months or more;

(b)     certify that the cause of death of the deceased is known;

(c)     provide evidence on the identity of the deceased to the Coroner;

(d)     provide evidence of advertisement showing that the body has been abandoned; and

(e)     obtain written consent from the Coroner.

(2)     The detailed information to be given by the Chief Medical Examiner shall be as set out in Form G in the Second Schedule to this Law.

Procedure at Inquest

31.    Provisions regarding the viewing of body

(1)     At or before the first sitting of a Coroner, at the conduct of an inquest, the Coroner may view the body if he considers it necessary or may satisfy himself that the body has been viewed by any of the agencies for report of death; provided that the validity of such an inquest shall not be questioned in any court on the grounds that the Coroner or any of the agencies for the report of death did not view the body.

(2)     An order as set out in Form H in the Second Schedule to this Law authorising the burial of a body upon which an inquest is being held may be issued by the Coroner at any time after the body has been medically examined.

(3)     If the body has been buried and has not been viewed or medically examined, the Coroner shall order the exhumation of the body for the purpose of medical examination as in Form A in the Second Schedule to this Law and in the manner provided for under section 17 of this Law unless he certifies that in his opinion, such exhumation would be injurious to the public health or that no satisfactory result would be obtained.

(4)     In any case in which the Coroner himself has viewed the body, he shall certify the fact upon the record of the inquest, and in other cases, he shall record evidence, if any, of the view of the body by any of the agencies for report of death.

32.    Coroner may exercise powers of a Magistrate

(1)     A Coroner holding an inquest shall have and may exercise all the powers of a Magistrate with regard to summoning and compelling the attendance of witnesses and requiring them to give evidence, and with regard to the production of any document or thing at such inquest.

(2)     Every summons and warrant as set out in Form I in the Second Schedule to this Law shall be in writing signed by the Coroner.

(3)     Where the inquest concerns the death of a person executed in accordance with a death warrant, the medical examiner who shall be present at the scene of execution shall be an essential witness at such inquest.

33.    Coroner to take evidence on oath

At every inquest, the Coroner shall take on oath such evidence as is procurable as to the identity of the deceased, the time, place and manner of his death.

34.    Coroner not bound by rules of evidence

A Coroner holding an inquest shall not be bound by rules of evidence which may pertain to civil or criminal proceedings, but if any witness fails to answer any question put to him without lawful excuse, the coroner may:

(a)     impose a fine not exceeding Fifty Thousand Naira (N50,000.00) on such witness; or

(b)     punish such witness for contempt.

35.    Power to take deposition of witness who is unable to attend

Where any person who is able to give material evidence in respect of any inquest is, owing to illness or other cause which appears satisfactory to the Coroner, unable to attend at the place where the Coroner usually sits, or the attendance of the witness cannot be procured without some delay, expense or inconvenience, which in the circumstances of the case would be unreasonable, it shall be lawful for the Coroner to admit the deposition of such person.

36.    Coroner to grant standing to interested persons

(1)     A Coroner may at an inquest allow any person whom the Coroner considers to have an interest in the inquest to appear as a Party Interested.

(2)     A Party Interested at an inquest may—

(a)     be represented by counsel or any other person of his choice; and

(b)     examine and cross-examine witnesses.

37.    Protection of witnesses

A person who gives testimony as a witness during an inquest shall not be arrested or his liberty tampered with for reason of having given the testimony unless there is reasonable evidence connecting him with the commission of a crime relating to the testimony and a warrant of arrest has been issued for his arrest by the presiding Coroner.

38. Staying and resumption of inquest

(1)     If in the course of an inquest, the Director of Public Prosecutions informs the Coroner that he is of the opinion that sufficient grounds have been disclosed for instituting criminal proceedings against any person already in custody or arrested in connection with the death, the Coroner may stay the inquest until—

(a)     the trial of the person to be charged is concluded;

(b)     the person is discharged under the provisions of section 73 or section 286 of the Criminal Procedure Law;

(c)     the charge is dismissed under the provisions of section 299 of the Criminal Procedure Law; or

(d)     it appears improbable that such person will be found.

(2)     Where an inquest is stayed in accordance with subsection (1) of this section, the Coroner may resume and conclude the inquest after the conclusion of the criminal proceedings if he is of the opinion that public benefit is likely to result from his so doing, he shall certify his opinion to that effect and transmit a copy of the inquest proceedings to the Chief Coroner who shall forward same to the Commissioner.

(3)     Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (2) above, where an inquest is stayed in accordance with subsection (1) of this section, and it is ascertained that the person to be charged cannot be found; the Coroner shall resume and conclude the inquest.

39.    Order for arrest of suspect

If during the course of or at the close of an inquest, the Coroner is of the opinion that sufficient grounds are disclosed for making a charge against any person in connection with the death, he shall make an order for the arrest of the suspect for investigation by the appropriate authority.

40. The inquisition

After viewing the body (if any), and hearing the evidence, the Coroner holding the inquest shall give his verdict and certify it by an inquisition in writing as in Form J set out in the Second Schedule to this Law, showing, so far as such particulars have been proved to him, who the deceased was, how, when and where the deceased met his death; provided that, where the inquest concerns the death of a person executed in accordance with a death warrant, the verdict and inquisition shall include a finding as to whether the death was instantaneous and the person executed was the person mentioned in such warrant. Such inquisition and verdict shall be made and forwarded to the Commissioner and the Chief Coroner.

41.    Authorities to receive the verdict

The verdict of a Coroner as certified in writing shall be forwarded to the Commissioner, the Chief Coroner, the Chief Medical Examiner and the Divisional Police Officer in the district.

42.    Where the culprit is unknown

If at the close of any inquest, the Coroner is of the opinion that there is ground for suspecting that some person is liable for an offence in respect of the matter inquired into, but cannot ascertain who such person is, he shall certify his opinion to that effect and transmit a copy of the proceedings to the Divisional Police Officer of the district in which the inquest is held.

43.    Where the culprit cannot be found

Where a copy of the proceedings upon any inquest has been transmitted to a Divisional Police Officer under section 42 of this Law and the culprit remains undiscovered, and if, in the opinion of the Divisional Police Officer, there is no probability that such person will be discovered, he shall certify his opinion to that effect and transmit the copy of the proceedings to the Chief Coroner who shall forward it to the Commissioner.

44.    Return of inquisitions and powers of Chief Coroner to review

(1)     The Coroner shall immediately transmit every inquisition, including the depositions and the recognisance of the witnesses, if any, to the Chief Coroner, and the Registrar of the Chief Coroner shall take charge of such proceedings.

(2)     The Chief Coroner may examine the record of any such proceedings for the purpose of satisfying himself as to correctness, legality or propriety of any finding or verdict and as to the regularity of such proceedings.

(3)     Where the Chief Coroner by reason of such examination is not satisfied as to the correctness, legality or propriety of any finding or verdict, he may, after affording the Commissioner or his representative an opportunity of being heard, exercise any of the powers conferred upon him by subsection (1) of section 45 of this Law.

(4)     Where the Chief Coroner by reason of any such examination is not satisfied as to the regularity of the proceedings, he may take such action, not necessarily involving an alteration of the finding or verdict, as he may deem fit to cure such irregularity.

45.    Power of Chief Coroner on application of Commissioner

(1)     The Chief Coroner, upon an application made by the Commissioner, may do any of the following:

(a)     order an inquest to be held touching the death of any person;

(b)     direct any inquest to be reopened for the taking of further evidence;

(c)     quash the verdict in any inquest by substituting some other verdict which appears to be lawful and in accordance with the evidence recorded; and

(d)     quash any inquest, with or without ordering a new inquest to be held.

(2)     The provisions of this Section shall apply to all inquests and verdicts in accordance with the provisions of this Law.

46.    Inquest on any day including public holidays or in private

(1)     The Chief Coroner may direct that an inquest may be held on any day including public holidays or in private if he considers it expedient.

(2)     Whenever an inquest is held as specified in subsection (1) above, the Coroner shall record the reasons for so holding it.

Miscellaneous

47.    Coroner to transmit particulars of death to the Registrar of Births and Deaths

Where a death is required by law to be registered and an inquest is held, the Coroner shall inquire of the particulars required to be registered concerning the death and shall forward his findings, including the time, place and cause of death, to the Registrar within five days of the conclusion of the inquest.

48.    Offences and penalties

Any person who:

(1)     carries out chemical preservation, dismemberment or disposal of the body of a person who died in circumstances requiring the holding of an inquest under this Law without the approval of a Coroner shall commits an offence and is liable on conviction to fifteen (15) years’ imprisonment with no option of fine;

(2)     fails without good cause to inform any of the agencies for the report of death or the Coroner, as required under Section 24(1) of this Law, commits an offence and is liable upon conviction to three (3) months imprisonment or a fine not exceeding Twenty Thousand Naira (N20,000.00);

(3)     fails to notify the Coroner as required under Section 24(2) of this Law commits the offence of concealment of death and is liable upon conviction to seven (7) years’ imprisonment with no option of fine;

(4)     carries out a post-mortem examination in a place not designated for such purposes by the Chief Medical Examiner commits an offence and is liable on conviction to five(5) years’ imprisonment with no option of fine;

(5)     not being a Medical Examiner appointed under this Law, who purports to sign the report of Medical Examiner as in Form E in the Second Schedule to this Law, commits an offence and is liable to five (5) years’ imprisonment with no option of fine;

(6)     takes a dead body in case of a reportable death to any mortuary other than that designated by the Office of the Chief Medical Examiner commits an offence and is liable on conviction to three (3) years imprisonment with no option of fine while the institution receiving the body shall be liable to be closed down in addition to the payment of a fine of Five Hundred Thousand Naira (N500,000.00) only;

(7)     in the process of performing a post-mortem examination on a dead body retains any human tissue or other parts of the body without the consent of the Coroner under Section 29 of this Law, an offence and is liable on conviction to three (3) years’ imprisonment without an option of fine;

(8)     retains an abandoned body for the purpose of academic or anatomical examination without the consent of the Coroner under Section 31 of this Law commits an offence and is liable on conviction to six(6) months’ imprisonment with no option of a fine;

(9)     issues a death certificate without the prior conduct of a post-mortem examination in case of a reportable death commits an offence and is liable on conviction to five (5) years imprisonment without an option of fine; and

(10)   any person whose act or conduct contravenes any of the other provisions of this Law where no penalty is specified, commits an offence and is liable on conviction to two (2) years’ imprisonment.

49.    Power to make rules and regulations

The Commissioner shall:

(1)     have power generally to make regulations in accordance with the regulation Approval Law for carrying out the provisions of this Law;

(2)     on the advice of the Commissioner for Health and representation from the Office of the Chief Medical Examiner make rules specifically to prescribe the scale of fees to be paid to Medical Examiners and Forensic Consultants for any examination, autopsy or other services required of them under this Law.

50.    Forms in the Second Schedule

The forms set out in the Second Schedule to this Law shall be used for the matters to which they relate with such variations as circumstances may require. The Commissioner may from time to time by order published in the State Gazette amend or add to the said Schedule.

51.    Repeal

The Coroners Law Cap C16 of 2003 is repealed.

52.    Interpretation

In this Law, unless the context otherwise requires:

“agency for report of death” means the Police, Local Government Authority or Office of the Medical Examiner;

“anatomy” means the branch of science dealing with the structure of an organism or body;

“appropriate authorities” means the Chief Coroner, the Honourable Attorney-General, the Director of Public Prosecutions and the Divisional Police Officer;

“autopsy” means the examination of both the external and internal organs of a body after death in order to determine the cause of death;

“body” means corpse or the remains of a human being after death;

“burial” means the disposal of a corpse or human remains by deposition in the ground in a designated burial ground;

“Chief Coroner” means a Judge of the High Court appointed as the administrative head of the Coroner System in the State;

“Chief Medical Examiner” means the most Senior Medical Examiner in the State appointed by the Honourable Attorney-General and Commissioner for Justice;

“Coroner” means a Magistrate or any other person appointed under this Law to inquire by way of inquest into the cause of death;

“Commissioner” means the Honourable Attorney-General and Commissioner for Justice of the State;

“cremation” means the process of complete incineration or burning of human remains;

“custody” means any place of confinement and includes prison, police station, hospital premises, hospice, asylum, rehabilitation centre, etc.;

“death investigation” means the process of determining the cause, mechanism and manner of death;

“death warrant”” means a judicial authority for the execution of a person;

“deceased” means a dead person;

“deposition” means evidence of a person given on oath;

“execution” means the killing of a person in line with a judicial order or warrant;

“exhumation” means to disinter or dig up a body previously buried;

“forensic specialist” means a recognised specialist in any of the disciplines of forensic sciences;

“general revenue” means budgetary allocation made by the State for the administration of the Coroners’ System;

“inquest” means a judicial inquiry to determine the cause of an unexpected natural or violent death;

“interment” means burial;

“inquisition” means a judicial inquiry or investigation of certain facts;

“jurisdiction” means the area of authority of a Coroner;

“Medical Examiner” means medical personnel trained in forensic pathology and appointed to perform autopsies on the bodies of dead persons with a view to determining the cause of death;

“pathologist” means a doctor who examines dead bodies to discover the cause of death;

“prima-facie” means at first sight or on the face of it;

“testimony” means the evidence of a witness.

54.     Citation and commencement

This Law may be cited as the Coroners’ System Law, and shall come into force on the 18th day of May 2007.

FIRST SCHEDULE (Section 8)

STRUCTURE OF THE OFFICE OF THE CHIEF MEDICAL EXAMINER

THE FORENSIC INSTITUTE

1. 2. 3. 4.
Central Laboratories Scientific Support Laboratories Forensic Pathology and other Specialties Department Finance and Administration

Central Laboratories

The Central Laboratories shall be headed by a Deputy Chief Medical Examiner and be comprised of three units as follows:

(a)     Forensic Toxicology Unit;

(b)     Forensic Chemistry Unit; and

(c)     Forensic Biology/DNA Unit.

Each unit of the Central Laboratory shall be run by the head of the unit who shall be directly responsible to the Deputy Chief Medical Examiner.

Scientific Support Laboratories

The Scientific Support Laboratories of the Centre shall be headed by a Deputy Chief Medical Examiner and be comprised of four units, each run by a head of unit as follows:

(a)     Firearms and Toolmarks Unit;

(b)     Trace Evidence and Vehicle Examination Unit;

(c)     Latent Prints and Photography Unit; and

(d)     Document Examination and Computer Evidence Unit.

Forensic Pathology and other Specialties Department

The Forensic Pathology and other Specialties Department of the Centre shall consist of the following experts:

(1)     forensic pathologists (medical examiners);

(2)     forensic entomologists;

(3)     forensic anthropologists;

(4)     forensic odontologists;

(5)     forensic radiologists;

(6)     forensic soil biologists;

(7)     forensic geologists;

(8)     forensic botanists; and

(9)     blood spatter experts.

There shall also be attached to the Department;

(1)     A forensic nurse;

(2)     A histotechnologist; and

(3)     A morgue technician.

In each of the three departments specified above, the Chief Medical Examiner shall appoint such analysts and assistants as may be deemed necessary for the operation of the departments.

Department of Finance and Administration

The Department of Finance and Administration of the Centre shall be headed by a Deputy Director and consist of the following units:

(a)     Administration and Shipment/Delivery Unit to be headed by an Administrative Officer;

(b)     Security Unit to be headed by a Chief Security Officer;

(c)     Exhibit Unit to be headed by an Officer;

(d)     Accounts Unit to be headed by an Accounts Officer.

The Deputy Director shall have secretaries, clerks, accounts officers, etc. as may be necessary for the smooth running of the Department.

SECOND SCHEDULE

(Section 17)

FORM A CORONERS’ SYSTEM LAW

ORDER FOR EXHUMATION

………………………………….District

To: ………………………………………………………………………………………………

………………………………………………………………………………………………

………………………………………………………………………………………………

Whereas it appears …………………………………………………………………………

has died in circumstances requiring the holding of an inquest upon his body and that the body of the said ………………………………………………………. has been buried at ………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………….. without such inquest being held (or without a

post-mortem examination having been carried out) (or that the inquest held at ………………………………………………………………………………………………

………………………………………………………………………………………………

………………………….. on the ………………………… day of ………………………

………………………… has been (i) quashed ………………… or (ii) reopened ……….

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. These are to charge you that you cause the said body to be taken up and have a post-mortem examination carried out on it and safely conveyed to………………………………………….

………………………………………………………………………………………………….

in the above-named district that I may proceed to inquire into the cause of death of the said …………………………………………………. (or as the case may be).

Given under my hand at ……………. this ………………. day of ……………………………

………………………………………… Coroner

FORM B

(Section 25(2))

CORONERS’ SYSTEM LAW

DEATH REPORT TO CORONER

Particulars of Deceased, etc.

(1) Name of deceased ………………………………………………………………………

………………………………………………………………………………………..

(2) Sex ………………………………………………………………………………………

(3) Age ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

(4) Address ………………………………………………………………………………

(5) Nationality and/or tribe ………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………

(6) Occupation ……………………………………………………………………………..

(7) Date, hour and place of death …………………………………………………………..

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

(8) Supposed cause of death ……………………………………………………………….

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

(9) Name of person who found body or gave first information of death …………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………

(10) Address ……………………………………………………………………………….

…………………………………………………………………………………………

(11) GSM No. (if any) ……………………………………………………………………………………………

(12) Date and hour first information received by Police or Local Government

or Medical Examiner or the Coroner ………………………………………………..

………………………………………………………………………………………..

(13) Circumstances of death and names of persons who can give information …………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………

(14) Name of authority making first investigation ………………………………………..

………………………………………………………………………………………..

(15) Date and time of investigation ……………………………………………………….

……………………………………………………………………………………….

(16) Describe where and how body was found ……………………………………………

………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………

………………………………………………………………………………………

………………………………………………………………………………………

(17) Marks of violence (if any) ……………………………………………………………

(18) Circumstances of suspicion (if any) ………………………………………………….

(19) Date and hour when report was sent to Coroner ……………………………………..

………………………………………………………………………………………..

………………………………………………………………………………………..

(Signed) (Signed)

Person giving first information Person receiving first information

Date

FORM C

(SECTION 25(3))

CORONERS’ SYSTEM LAW

INFORMATION TO MEDICAL OFFICER

Form to be filled in duplicate by agencies for the report of death when forwarding a corpse to the Medical Officer for post-mortem examination.

(1) Full name of deceased (if known) ……………………………………………………

(2) Town or village …………………………………………………………………….

(3) Age ……………………………………………………………………………………

(4) Name and town or village of person (preferably near relative) who will identify the corpse to the Medical Officer ……………………………………………………………

(5) Date sent to hospital ………………………………………………………………….

(6) Name and number of police escort bringing in the deceased …. …………………………………………………………………………………………

(7) Alleged cause of death ……………………………………………………………….

(8) Any other useful information …………………………………………………………

(9) Station ………………………………………………………………………………..

(10) Date …………………………………………………………………………………

Signature of officer of the agency for the report of death ………………………………

To be filled in by the Medical Officer.

(1) Approximate date of death …………………………………………………………..

(2) Approximate hour of death ………………………………………………………….

(3) Brief notes of post-mortem findings …………………………………………………

…….………………………………………………………………………………………

Station …………………………………. Date ………………………………

……………………………………… Signature of Medical Officer                        

FORM D (Section 26)

CORONERS’ SYSTEM LAW

ORDER FOR POST-MORTEM EXAMINATION

To: Dr. ………………………………………………………………………………………….

WHEREAS I am credibly informed (please see attached FORM B) that one ………………………………………………………………………………………………….

of ………………………………………………………………………………………………..

has died in circumstances which may require the holding of an inquest under the Coroner Law, you are authorised and required to make a post-mortem examination of the body of the said ……………………………………………………….which will be delivered to you by ………………………………………………………….………………………………………………………………………………………………and to make a report to me within ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… period of the receipt of this order.

Given under my hand at …………………………………………… this ………………….

day of…………………………………………….. .20 …………………………………..

Signed……………………………………… Coroner

FORM E

(Section 27)

CORONERS’ SYSTEM LAW

REPORT OF MEDICAL EXAMINER

(1) Date and hour of receipt of corpse at mortuary ……………………………………….……………………………………………………………………………

(2) Condition of corpse on arrival ……………………………………………………………………………………….………………………………………………………

(3) Mode in which packed ………………………………………………………………………………….……………………………………………………………………..

(4) Date and hour of holding examination ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

(5) Name of deceased (if known) ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

(6) By whom identified ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

(7) Approximate age ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

(8) Sex ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

(9) Height, colour of hair, eyes, peculiar clothing and any other mark or means of identification …………………………………………………………………………

………………………………………………………………………………………

………………………………………………………………………………………

(10) Probable date of death ……………………………………………………………….

(11) Medical report …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

(Please attach detailed medical report)

I certify the cause of death in my opinion to be:

I.

(a) ………………………………………………………………………………….

(b) ………………………………………………………………………………….

(c) ………………………………………………………………………………….

II ………………………………………………………………………………….. …………………………………………………………………………….

……………………………………………………………………………..

Date ……………………………. Signed …………………………….

(Name and signature)

……………………………………… Qualifications

FORM F

(Section 28)

CORONERS’ SYSTEM LAW

TISSUE OR ORGAN RETENTION FORM

Agreement to a post-mortem examination

I …………………………………………….. do not object to a post-mortem examination

being carried out on the body of ………………………………………………. in order to

find the cause of death and study the effects of treatment. I understand that this examination may involve tissue samples or fluids being taken and held for laboratory investigation.

If the deceased is an adult, has the person ever expressed an objection to this type of examination (as far as you know)? Yes                  No

Limited post-mortem examination

You may limit the extent of the examination. The person who gave you this form will explain the options and implications to you.

Do you wish to limit the examination? Yes             No

If “yes”, where do you want the examination limited to?

The head

The chest

The abdomen

Organs being taken and held

You may agree or disagree to whole organs being taken for any further examination which could provide a more detailed understanding of the illness. Tick one of the statements below to indicate whether or not you agree to organs being taken and held.

I do not object to any organ being taken for further investigation if this is necessary to fully understand the cause of death and effects of treatment.

I object to any organ being taken for further investigation.

I object to the following organs being taken for further investigation (please list organs below):

 
 
 

Disposal of any tissue or organs taken

After any further investigation of tissue or organs taken, those tissue samples or organs must be disposed of in a lawful way. You can either arrange this yourself or the hospital can do it.

Tick one of the statements below to indicate your preference.

The hospital may dispose of the tissue samples or organs in a lawful and respectful way.

I will arrange for the tissue samples or organs to be disposed of in a lawful way. I prefer the tissue samples or organs to be reunited with the body before it is released, even though this may delay the funeral.

Medical research and education

You may agree or disagree to some tissue, fluids or organs being taken and held for an unlimited time for medical research and education.

Tick one of the statements below to show whether or not you agree to any tissue, fluids or organs being taken and held for medical research and education.

I do not object to any tissue, fluid or organ being taken for medical research and education.

I object to any tissue, fluid or organ being taken for medical research and education.

I object to the following tissue, fluids or organs being taken for medical research and education (please list the tissue, fluids and organs below):

 
 
 

Your signature                                                                          Witness’s signature

……………………………………                                                              ……………………………………

Relationship to deceased                                                                    Name ………………………….

…………………………………                                                                 Position ………………………..

Date ……………………………

Medical Examiner’s name:

……………………………………

Qualifications…………………

Signature

……………………………………

Date ……………………………

For post-mortem examinations required by law

Name of deceased …………………………………………………………………………

Disposal of any tissue or organs taken

After any further investigation of tissue or organs taken, those tissue samples or organs must be disposed of in a lawful way. You can either arrange this yourself or the hospital can do it.

Tick one of the statements below to show how any tissue samples or organs should be disposed of.

The hospital may dispose of the tissue samples or organs in a lawful and respectful way.

I prefer the tissue samples or organs to be reunited with the body before burial or cremation, even if this delays the funeral.

I will arrange for the tissue samples or organs to be disposed of in a lawful way.

Medical research and education

You may agree or disagree to some tissue, fluids or organs being taken and held for an unlimited time for medical research and education.

Tick one of the statements below to show whether or not you agree to any tissue, fluids or organs being taken and held for medical research and education. I do not object to any tissue, fluid or organ being taken for medical research and education.

I object to any tissue, fluid or organ being taken for medical research and education.

I object to the following tissue, fluids or organs being taken for medical research and education (please list the tissue, fluids and organs below):

 
 
 

Your signature                                                                          Witness’s signature

……………………………………                                                              ……………………………………

Relationship to deceased                                                                    Name ………………………….

…………………………………                                                                 Position ………………………..

Date ……………………………

Medical Examiner’s signature:                                                  Coroner’s signature:

Name……………………………                                                             Name……………………………

Qualifications…………………                                                                    Qualifications…………………

Signature                                                                                 District…………………………

……………………………………                                                              Signature

Date ……………………………                                                             ……………………………………

Date ……………………………

FORM G

Section 31(1)

CORONERS’ SYSTEM LAW

APPLICATION FOR RETENTION OF ABANDONED BODIES FOR ACADEMIC AND ANATOMICAL EXAMINATION

(1) Name of the deceased: ……………………………………………………………………..……………………………………………………………………………….….

(2) Address (if any): ……………………………………………………………………………

(3) Particulars of death: ……………………………………………………………………….……………………………………………………………………………..…….

(4) Place where body was found: ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

(5) Period of abandonment: ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

(6) Evidence of abandonment: ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

(7) Type and/or nature of examination to be conducted: ……………………………………………………………………………………………

………………………………………………………………………………………………….

………………………………………………………………………………………………….

………………………………………………………………………………………………….

(8) Name of Medical Examiner to conduct the examination: …………………………………………………………………………………………………………

(9) Name and address of institution where the examination is to be conducted:

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

………………………………………………………..………………………………………………………………………………………………….

(10) Grant of consent by the Coroner: (Yes or No)

…………………………………..

APPLICANT

The Chief Medical Examiner

This consent is given under the hand of:

Name of Coroner: ………………………………..

Signature/Stamp: …………………………………

Coroner’s District: ………………………………..

State: ……………………………………………..

FORM H Section 31(2)

CORONERS’ SYSTEM LAW

WARRANT TO BURY

In the Court of the Coroner of the District of ……………………………… Lagos State.

This is to certify that you may lawfully permit the body of ………………………………

deceased, who now lies at ……………………………………………………………… to

be buried and for so doing, this is your warrant.

Given under my hand, this …………………. day of ………………………… 20 ………

………………………….. Coroner

To the Registrar of deaths and to all those whom it may concern.

FORM I

(Section 33(2))

CORONERS’ SYSTEM LAW

SUMMONS TO WITNESS

To: ………………………………………………………………………………………….

………………………………………………………………………………………………

WHEREAS I am credibly informed that you can give evidence concerning the death of ……………………………………………………………………………………..…………

who died in circumstances which may require the holding of an inquest under the Coroners’ System Law, you are hereby authorised and required to make a post-mortem examination of the body of the said …………………………………………which will be delivered to you by ………………………………………………………….and to make a report to me thereon within…………………………………………..……………………………… period of the receipt of this order.

Given under my hand at …………………………. this ……………………………… day

of …………………………….. 20 ……………………

Signed …………………………………… Coroner

FORM J

[Section 40]

CORONERS’ SYSTEM LAW

THE INQUISITION

An inquisition taken at …………………………………… in the …………………………

Coroners’ Court in the district of …………………………………… in the Lagos State of

Nigeria the ……………… day of ……………… 20 ……………. before ………………

on the view of the body of one …………………………………………………………….

Now I ………………………………………………………………………………………

charged to inquire when, where, how and after what manner the said …………………….

………………………………………………………………………………………………

came to his/her death, say that the following particulars have been disclosed:

1) Name of deceased: ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

2) Residence: …………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………..

3) Occupation: …………………………………………………………………………..

4) Means of identity: ……………………………………………………………………

………………………………………………………………………………………..

………………………………………………………………………………………..

5) Where found, when, and under what circumstances: ………………………………..…………………………………………………………………………..

………………………………………………………………………………………..

6) Date of death: ………………………………………………………………………..

7) Cause of death: ……………………………………………………………………….

8) Offence (if any) to which death attributable: …………………………………………

………………………………………………………………………………………..

………………………………………………………………………………………..

And I, the said …………………………………………………………………………….

do say that my verdict is ………………………………………………………………….…………………………………………………………………………………………….

………………………………………………………………………………………………… (Please see attached detailed verdict.)

IN Witness whereof I have to this inquisition set my hand the..……………………………

day of ……………………………………………………… 20………………………… ……………………………………….. Coroner

CORONERS’ SYSTEM LAW

Subsidiary Legislation

DIRECTIONS GIVEN BY THE CHIEF JUDGE UNDER SECTION 6 OF THE CORONERS’ SYSTEM LAW

1.      Declaration of Coroners’ Districts

Lagos State is hereby divided into Coroners’ Districts specified in the first column of the third schedule hereto and each district shall have designated Coroners’ courts as specified in the second column of the schedule.

2.      Citation

These directions may be cited as the Lagos State Coroners’ District Directions

S/N DISTRICT CORONERS’ COURT TOWNS
1. Lagos Coroners’ District Igbosere Court No.2 Lagos Island, including Obalende, CMS, Tinubu, Ikoyi, Victoria Island, Apongbon, Marina, Onikan, Awolowo Road, Ajah, Sandgrouse and Lekki.
    Tapa Court No.10 Core Lagos including Enu Owa, Adeniji Adele, Pelewura, Freeman, Massey, Tokunbo and environs.
    Epe Magistrate Court Epe Township and environs including the whole of IbejuLekki
2. Ikeja Coroners’ District Ikeja Magistrate Court No.4 Ikeja, including Adeniyi Jones, Maryland, Ladipo, Shogunle, Airport Area, Mafoluku, Oshodi, Ogba, Ojodu, Isheri-Oke, Olowora, Oke-Ira, Otubu, Mosalashi Alhaja, Oregun, Pen Cinema, Agege and Dopemu
    Ikeja Magistrate Court No.5   Akowonjo, including Egbeda, Shasha, Iyana Ipaja, Ipaja Town, Ayobo, Idimu, Igando, Ijegun, Iba Town, Alagbado, Ojokoro, Abule Egba and Oko-Oba
    Ogudu Magistrate Court Ogudu Town, including Ojota, Ketu, Magodo, Anthony and Oworonsoki.
3. Yaba Coroners’ District Yaba Magistrate Court No.4 Yaba Township, including Bariga, Shomolu, Makoko, Onike-Iwaya, Oyingbo, EbuteMetta, Fadeyi, Ikorodu Road and Jibowu.
    Surulere Magistrates’ Court No.2 Surulere, including Aguda, Ikate, Ijesha, Itire, Lawanson, Ojuelegba, Costain and Moshalashi Area.
    Mushin Magistrates’ Mushin Township, including Ilupeju,
READ MOREDOWNLOAD (PDF-N1500/WORD-N3000)

LAWS OF LAGOS STATE

Alphabetical List 1999-2015 2015 Republication
By Subject Areas Latest Repealed

LAWS OF THE FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF NIGERIA

By YearsBy AlphabetsBy Areas of Practice
The Constitution National Legislations Treaties of the Federation
State Laws State Court Rules Court Judgments
Food & Agriculture Energy & Environment Healthcare
Transport (Road, Rail, Air, Water) Education Housing & Infrastructure
Security & Law Enforcement Science & Technology Family, Youth & Child
Government & Elections Taxation & Revenue Economic & Commercial
MDA Regulations SON Standards Executive Orders
Nig. Nuclear Reg. Auth., NNRA NAFDAC NESREA
Dept of Pet. Res. DPR Securities & Exchange Comm., SEC NERC
Fed. Inland Rev. Service, FIRS Fed. Road Safety Corps., FRSC Central Bank of Nigeria, FBN
Nig. Communications Comm., NCC1 Nig. Broadcasting Comm., NBC Nig. Copyright Comm., NCC2
Bio-Chemical and Bio-Safety Service & Quality Other Standards

error: Our Content is protected!! Contact us to get the resources...

Subscribe To Our Newsletter

Subscribe!