DOGS LAW OF LAGOS STATE

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LIST OF LAWS OF LAGOS, [ALPHABETICAL]  
A- C G – K M – I R – T
D – F L – L P – P U – Z

LAGOS STATE DOGS LAW

ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS

PART 1 – Licensing of Dogs

1.       Application of this Part

2.       Person deemed to keep a dog

3.       Prohibition on keeping dogs without licence

4.       Form of licence

5.       Issue and return of badges

6.       Register to be kept

7.       Power to inspect licences

8.       Power of authority to make orders

PART 2 – Prevention of Disease and Diseased Areas

9.       Duties of owner

10.     Duties of authority

11.     Power of authority to make rules

12.     Power to make orders

PART 3 – Seizure and Detention

13.     Power to seize and detain

14.     Place of detention and procedures

PART 4 – Penalties and Court Proceedings

15.     Penalties under Part 2

16.     Penalties under Part 3

17.     Special penalty regarding badges

18.     Special powers of a court

19.     Power to reward informer

PART 5 – Miscellaneous

20.     Power to make regulations

21.     Disposal of fees and sums paid

PART 6

22.     Citation

23.     Interpretation

DOGS LAW

A LAW TO REGULATE THE LICENSING OF DOGS AND TO PROVIDE FOR THE SUPPRESSION OF RABIES

[Commencement]                                                           [1st January, 1943]

PART 1 – Licensing of Dogs

1.       Application of the Part

The provisions of this part of this Law shall apply to the Lagos Local Government and to such other areas, districts, townships or places as the Commissioner may, by order, direct. Any such order shall be published in the State Gazette.

2.       Person deemed to keep a dog

Every person in whose custody, charge or possession or in or upon whose house or premises any dog is found or seen shall be deemed for the purposes of this Part to keep such dog unless the contrary is proved.

3.       Prohibition on keeping dogs without licence

Any person who keeps a dog over the age of six (6) months without a licence issued by the Authority for the area, town or place in which he resides, commits an offence except where such person changes such residence for another in any area, town or place to which this part applies, he shall obtain a fresh licence from the Authority concerned at the end of the quarter year and pay the proportion of the yearly fee equal to that year left, the former licence shall be deemed to have expired.

4.       Form of licence Schedule

Licences shall be in the form set out in the Schedule and shall expire on the 31st day of December in the year in which they are issued.

5.       Issue and return of badges

(1)     The authority shall issue, free of charge, a suitable badge reflecting each year, bearing letters or numbers or other distinguishing marks, to be secured to the collar or other harness of the dog in respect of which a licence has been issued.

(2)     Badges issued under the provisions of subsection (1) shall be returned forthwith to the authority issuing the same by the person registered in accordance with the provisions of Section 6-

(a)     on the expiration of the licence; or

(b)     if the dog dies during the currency of the licence.

6.       Register to be kept

(1)     The authority shall enter in a register to be kept for that purpose the name, address and occupation of the person keeping each dog in respect of which a licence is issued and also particulars of the letters or other distinguishing mark of the badge issued therefor.

(2)     Where any person so registered parts with the possession of such dog to another person, such other person shall notify the authority concerned giving the particulars set out in subsection (1) and the register shall be rectified accordingly in respect of the unexpired period for which the licence was issued.

7.       Power to inspect licences

Licences shall be produced for inspection on demand being made by the authority, a police officer or a health officer.

8.       Power of authority to make orders

The authority, with the approval of the Commissioner may, by order published in such manner as may be directed by the Commissioner-

(a)     fix the licence fee to be paid in respect of each dog included in a licence, either generally or in regard to any place within the jurisdiction of the authority or with regard to any class of dogs and may from time to time vary the same;

(b)     alter the form of the licence set out in the Schedule;

(c)     place restrictions upon dogs during such period as the authority may deem fit;

(d)     provide for the muzzling of dogs being in or upon any place, other than private premises within the jurisdiction of the authority;

and may attach to the breach of any such order a fine of Twenty-Five Thousand Naira (N25,000.00) and One Hundred and Sixty (160) hours of community service, or Twenty-Five Thousand Naira (N25,000.00) and imprisonment for one month.

Part 2 – Prevention of Disease and Diseased Areas

9. Duties of owner

(1)     Every owner of a diseased dog shall forthwith cause the same to be killed and shall give notice thereof immediately to the authority.

(2)     Every owner of a dog suspected to have disease shall forthwith cause the same to be killed or securely tied or otherwise confined and shall give notice thereof immediately to the authority.

10.     Duties of authority

The authority receiving credible information of, or having reasonable grounds for suspecting the existence of disease, shall forthwith cause the matter to be investigated, and for such purpose may cause any dog to be examined, and thereafter, on the advice of a medical officer of health or of a veterinary officer, may cause any diseased dog to be killed and any suspected dog to be killed or otherwise dealt with as may be considered necessary.

11.     Power of authority to make rules

(1)     The authority may, with the approval of the Commissioner, in case of an outbreak or expected outbreak of disease, or to guard against the possibility of such an outbreak within the jurisdiction of the authority, provide for-

(a)     the keeping of dogs under control by the owner in such manner as may be prescribed in such rules and prohibiting or restricting the movement of any dog;

(b)     the seizure, detention and disposal, including the destruction of dogs not being kept under control in the manner prescribed in such rules;

(c)     the recovery by the authority from the owner of a dog the expenses incurred in respect of the detention of any dog seized, detained and disposed of by virtue of such rules, and such rules shall be modified in such manner as the authority may think fit.

(2)     Rules made under subsection (1) may provide that an owner or person having the custody, control or care of a dog shall ensure that such dog is inoculated against rabies, and may provide for the production of a certificate of such inoculation before a licence may be issued in accordance with Part 1.

12.     Power to make orders

(1)     The Commissioner may at any time, by order published in the State Gazette—

(a)     declare any area to be a diseased area;

(b)     extend, diminish or otherwise alter the limit of an area declared to be a diseased area;

(c)     declare an area to be free from disease;

(d)     prohibit the removal of dogs from one area, district or place to any other area, district or place whether within or without a diseased area;

(e)     direct within any area or place, whether such area or place be within or outside a diseased area, the destruction of any animal “shown to his satisfaction to be capable of carrying or spreading disease”;

(f)      direct any authority to make rules in respect of all or any of the matters referred to in Section 11;

(g)     in the event of the failure of any of the measures previously taken effectively to control the disease, require the destruction of all dogs within a diseased area.

(2)     The Commissioner may delegate in writing all or any of his powers under subsection (1) to a divisional officer and upon such delegation such officer shall have and exercise such powers and perform such duties subject to such conditions, exceptions and qualifications as may be contained in any such delegation: Provided that any such delegation shall be revocable at will and no delegation shall prevent the exercise of such powers by the Commissioner.

PART 3 – Seizure and Detention

13.     Power to seize and detain

A police officer or health may seize and detain any dog who contrary to Part 1 is-

(a)     found in or upon any place, other than private premises, without a badge, secured in accordance with the provisions of Section 5 and valid in the area concerned;

(b)     found with a badge which has been issued in respect of another dog or a badge having the appearance of a badge issued by any authority but not so issued.

14.     Place of detention and procedure

(1)     Every dog seized in accordance with the provisions of Section 13 shall be detained in such place as may be appointed in that behalf by the authority, for a period of seven clear days unless the owner or person registered under the provisions of Section 6 shall have claimed the dog and paid all expenses incurred by reason of such detention within such period.

(2)     In every case in which the owner of any dog so seized or the person registered as aforesaid is known he shall be notified immediately of such seizure and the place of detention.

(3)     On the expiry of the seven clear days provided for in subsection (1) without any claim being made and expenses being paid in accordance with the provisions of that subsection, the authority may cause the dog to be sold or destroyed.

PART 4 – Penalties and Court Proceedings

15. Penalties under Part 1

Any person who contravenes or fails to comply with the provisions of Part 1 of this Law for which no special penalty is provided therein shall be liable, on conviction, to a fine of Two Thousand Five Hundred Naira (N2,500.00) and forty (40) hours of community service.

16. Penalties under Part 2

Any person who contravenes or fails to comply with the provisions of Part 2 of this Law or any rule or order made shall be liable on conviction to a fine of Ninety Thousand Naira (N90,000.00), and two hundred and ten (210) hours of community service, or fine of Ninety Thousand Naira (N90,000.00), and imprisonment for six (6) months.

17. Special penalty regarding badges

In any case in which a dog is seized and detained in accordance with the provisions of paragraph (b) of Section 13 the person keeping such dog within the meaning of Section 2 shall be liable on conviction to a fine of Two Thousand Five Hundred Naira (N2,500.00) and forty (40) hours of community service.

18. Special powers of a court

(1)     A court may, if satisfied on complaint made by any person that a dog is dangerous or not kept under proper control, and after affording a hearing to the owner of such a dog or to the person keeping such dog within the meaning of Section 2, make an order directed to such owner or person requiring that such dog be kept under proper control or if proved to be dangerous, that such dog be destroyed.

(2)     Every person who fails to comply with any order made under the provisions of subsection (1) shall be liable on conviction to a fine of Twenty-Five Thousand Naira (N25,000.00) and one hundred and sixty (160) hours of community service, or Twenty-Five Thousand Naira (N25,000.00) and imprisonment for one (1) month, and the dog in respect of which the order was made may be seized in any place and destroyed in such manner as the court may think fit.

19.     Power to reward informer

A court may, when imposing any fine under the provisions of this Law, award the informer a sum not exceeding one-half of the fine recovered.

PART 5 – Miscellaneous

20. Power to make regulations

The Commissioner may make regulations-

(a)     providing the appointment of persons to ensure that the provisions of this Law are complied with; and

(b)     generally for the better carrying out of the purposes of this Law.

21.     Disposal of fees and sums paid

Licence fees and all sums paid for the keeping of dogs and for medicines supplied for their use during detention or quarantine shall-

(a)     within an area in respect of which a local government council is appointed the authority, be credited to the revenue of such local government council; and

(b)     elsewhere, be credited to general revenue.

PART 6 –

22.     Citation

This Law may be cited as the Dogs Law.

23.     Interpretation

In this Law unless the context otherwise requires-

“Commissioner” means the Commissioner charged with responsibility for animal health;

“court” includes a customary court;

“disease” and “diseased” means rabies and infected with rabies;

“medical officer of health” and “health officer” means any person appointed as such under the provisions of the Public Health Law;

“Owner” includes the person having charge or custody of a dog.

“suspected dog” means any dog that has been bitten by or has been in contact with any diseased or suspected animal, or which has been otherwise exposed to the infection of rabies;

“the authority” means the person or local government council appointed to be the authority for any district or place for the purpose of this Law by the Commissioner and the expression shall include all persons authorised in writing to act on his behalf;

“veterinary officer” means a veterinary officer of the Veterinary Department of the Government.

SCHEDULE

THE DOGS LAW

FORM OF LICENCE

Date …………………………………………………………………………………………

Licence is hereby granted to ………………………………………………………………..

keep the dog (or dogs) following

.

……………………………… naira.

Licence.

Fee paid

The authority for

…………………………………………………

Note: This licence expires on 31st day of December 20……

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