LAGOS MULTI-DOOR COURTHOUSE LAW

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LIST OF LAWS OF LAGOS, [ALPHABETICAL]  
A- C G – K M – I R – T
D – F L – L P – P U – Z

LAGOS MULTI-DOOR COURTHOUSE LAW

ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS

l.        Establishment of the Lagos Multi-Door Courthouse

2.       The Objectives of the Multi-Door Courthouse

3.       Functions and powers of the LMDC

4.       LMDC Collaborations

5.       Governing Council

6.       Appointment of Council Members

7.       Composition of the Council

E.       Tenure of Office

9.       Proceedings

10.     Meetings

11.     Quorum

12.     Vacancy

13.     Remuneration and Allowance

14.     Removal of Members from Council

15.     The Chief Judge of Lagos State

16.     The Director of the LMDC

17.     Officers of the LMDC

18.     Power to co-opt

19.     The Deputy Director

20      The Principal Registrar

21 .    Staff Regulations

22.     Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) Judge

23.     Role of the Court

24.     Role of Counsel

25.     Role of Disputing Parties

26.     Enforcement of Settlement Agreements and Awards

27.     Panel of Neutrals

28.     Establishment of the LMDC Fund

30.     Accounts and Audit

30.     Disclosure of Interest

31.     Annual Report

32.     Power to Borrow

33.     Common Seal

34.     Exemption from Tax

35.     Service in the LMDC and Pension

36.     Provision of Library Facilities

37.     Legal Proceedings against the LMDC

38.     Mode of Ser-vice of Documents on LMDC

39.     Practice Directions and Rules

40.     Interpretation

41.     Citation and Commencement

SCHEDULE

LAGOS MULTI.DOOR COURTHOUSE LAW

A LAW TO ESTABLISH THE LAGOS MULTI.DOOR AND FOR CONNECTED PURPOSES

[Commencement]           [1Sth May 2007]

1.      Establishment of the Lagos Multi-Door Courthouse

(1)     There is established a body to be known as the Lagos Multi-Door Courthouse (referred to in this Law as “LMDC”).

 (2)    The Lagos Multi-Door Courthouse shall be-

(a)     an independent. non-profit body corporate with perpetual succession and a common seal; and

(b)     a court connected Alternative Dispute Resolution Centre with its office located within the High Court of Lagos and any other suitable locations as the Council may approve.

2.      The Objectives of the Multi-Door Courthouse

The objectives of the LMDC are to-

(a)     enhance access to justice by providing alternative mechanisms to supplement litigation in the resolution of disputes;

(b)     minimise citizen frustration and delays in justice delivery by providing a standard legal framework for the fair and efficient settlement of disputes through Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR);

(c)     serve as the focal point for the promotion of Alternative Dispute Resolution in Lagos State; and

(d)     promote the growth and effective functioning of the justice system through Alternative Dispute Resolution methods.

3.      Functions and powers of the LMDC        

(1)     The LMDC shall-

(a)     apply mediation, arbitration, neutral evaluation and any other ADR mechanisms in the resolution of such disputes as may be referred to the LMDC, from the High Court Magistrate Court and Courts of other jurisdictions outside Lagos State, Federal Courts, Private Persons, Corporations, Public lnstitutions and Dispute Resolution Organisations;

(2)     encourage disputing parties to appear before the LMDC for the resolution of their disputes.

(3)     assist disputants in the resolution of their disputes and act as administrators in the conduct of ADR proceedings locally or internationally.

(4)     publicise its services by informing and sensitising the public about its facilities.

(5)     render assistance in the conduct of ad-hoc arbitration or mediation proceedings.

(6)     encourage disputing parties whose matters are already listed before the court for hearing to appear before the LMDC to explore settlement options.

(7)     maintain registers of suitably qualified persons to act as mediators, arbitrators or neutral evaluators.

(8)     promote or undertake projects or other activities including but not limited to the Settlement Week which in the opinion of the Council u,’i11 further assist in decongesting the courts and help to achieve the purpose for which the LIIDC was established.

4.      LMDC Collaborations

(1)     In giving effect to its overriding objectives, the LN’IDC will

(a)     maintain a working relationship with reputable and recognised organisations including but not limited to the Citizens’ Mediation Centre of Lagos State Ministry of Justice, towards the enhancement of its operations, services and referral of matters to the LMDC on terms and conditions agreed on by the parties; and

(b)     cause Settlement Agreement or other Memorandum ol Understanding, duly signed by disputing parties, endorsed by either an ADR Judge or Magistrate as may be directed by the Chief Judge to become binding and enforceable by the Sheriff under –

(i)      Section 11 of the Sheriffs and Civil Process Law; or

(ii)     other legislation for the time being in force.

(2)     Any agreement reached by the parties must be filed at the LMDC and duly registered along with all the necessary attachments.

(3)     Parties to such agreements will be required to appear before the ADR Judge or Magistrate prior to the endorsement of the agreement or Memorandum of Understanding, that appearance will be within the-

(i)      premises of the LMDC;

(ii)     open court; or

(iii)    Chambers of the ADR Judge or Magistrate.

5.      Governing Council

(1)     The overall supervision of the LMDC is vested in the Governing Council (referred to in this Law as “the Council”) which will have the functions assigned to it by this Law.

(2)     The Council shall

(a)     consider and approve the annual budget of the LMDC;

(b)     approve the remuneration and conditions of service of the staff of the LMDC;

(c)     initiate or validate proposals to restructure and expand the LMDC:

(d)     foster the relationship between the LMDC and other private or Government establishments;

(e)     assume responsibility for existing rights, liabilities. claims and agreements entered into with regard to the LMDC. and

(f)      do other things as the Council may consider appropriate for the overall development and growth of the LMDC, to enhance the effective administration and delivery of justice.

6.      Appointment of Council Members

(1)     The overall supervision of the Council shall reside in a Chairman who will be appointed by the Chief Judge of Lagos State on the recommendation of the Judicial Service Commission of Lagos State from two persons nominated by a reputable Dispute Resolution Organisation.

(2)     The Chairman shall-

(a)     be a respectable and renowned professional with at least a graduate degree from a reputable university and not less than twenty (20) years of notable practical experience in a chosen field and with relevant interest and qualifications in ADR;

(b)     hold office for a period of three (3) years from the date of appointment and may be eligible for re-appointment for a further term of three (3) years in compliance with the terms and conditions as may be approved by the Judicial Service Commission of Lagos State; and

(c)     preside at the meetings of the council and periodically report to the chief Judge, of Lagos State on the activities and operations of the LMDC.

(3)(1)          The Governing council will appoint one of its members as vice-chairman who must be a respected, renowned professional with at least a graduate degree from a recognised university and not less than ten (10) years of notable practical experience in a chosen field and also relevant interests and qualifications in ADR.

(2)     The Vice-Chairman shall-

(i)      preside over the meetings of the council in the absence of the Chairman; and

(ii)     hold office for a period of three (3) years in compliance with the terms and conditions as will be approved b-v the Council.

(4)     The Council will appoint a Secretary who-

(a)     will be a Lawyer with not less than five years post-call experience:

(b)     may be a staff of the LMDC but not a member of the Council: and

(c)     will perform such duties as the council or the Director may determine.

(5)     The Secretary to the Council will-

(a)     ensure that all meetings of the Council are held;

(b)     oversee the preparation of notices, agenda, minutes of meetings;

(c)     take custody of the Seal; and

(d)     perform other duties as are necessary for the office of a Secretary to the Council.

7.      Composition of the Council

(1)     The Council shall consist of the following-

(a)     a Chairman who must be a seasoned professional with considerable knowledge and experience in Alternative Dispute Resolution;

(b)     two (2) ADR Judges and the Magistrate of Lagos State appointed by the Chief Judge;

(c)     the Attorney-General of Lagos State;

(d)     A representative of the Nigerian Bar Association

(e)     one (l) representative of the Negotiation and conflict Management Group (NCMG);

(f)      the Director of the LMDC;

(g)     one (1) representative of the Private Sector; and

(h)     one (l) person whose membership in the opinion of the council will assist with the promotion of ADR as a concept and the LMDC as an institution.

(2)     The members of the council shall not exceed nine (9) at any given time including the Chairman and Vice-Chairman.

(3)     The proceedings of the Council u.ill be in accordance with the regulations contained in the Schedule to this Law.

(4)     Subject to the provisions of this Law, a person appointed to be a member of the Council will hold office for a period of three (3) years from the date of appointment and may be eligible for re-appointment for one fur-ther tem of three (3) years.

(5)     A person will cease to be a member of the Council if such member by a letter addressed to the Chairman of the Council resigns the appointment. or is removed under section 8 of this Law.

8.      Tenure

The Council will elect one of its members to be the Vice-Chairman of the Council for three (3) years, however, a Vice-Chairman who ceases to be a member ceases to be the Vice-Chairman.

9.      Proceedings

(1)     The Council will make standing orders to regulate its own proceedings or of any Committee created   by it which must be in accordance with section 27 of the Interpretation Law.

(2)     The legality of the proceedings of the Governing Council or of its Committee will not be affected by any vacancy in the membership of the  Council or Committee, or by any defect in the appointment of a member of the Council or of a person to serve on the Committee, or by reason that a person not entitled to do so took part in the proceedings.

10.    Meetings

(1)     The Council will meet at least twice in each calendar year.

(2)     Subject to the standing orders of the Council the Council will meet whenever i t is summoned by the Chairman, and if the Chairman is required to do so’ by notice given by nor less than five (5) order members, the chairman must summon a meeting of the Council to be held within fifteen (15) days from the date on which the notice is given.

(3)     At any meeting of the Council’ the Chairman, or when absent’ the Vice-chairman will preside, but if both are absent, the members present at the meeting will  elect one of their members to preside at that meeting.

11.    Quorum

The Quorum of the Council meeting will be five (5), but if a quorum is not formed at the time of any meeting the members present have the power to adjourn such meeting.

12.    Vacancy

At any time while the office of the Chairman is vacant or the Chairman ls in the opinion of the council, permanently or temporarily unable to perform the functions of the office, the vice-chairman will perform those functions and the references in this Law to the Chairman will be construed accordingly.

13.    Remuneration and Allowances

Members of the Council will be paid out of monies at the disposal of the LMDC such travelling and subsistence allowance in respect of any period Spent on the business of the LMDC.

14.    Removal of Members from Council

(1)     Any member of the Council may be removed by two- thirds majority of members of the Council after consultation and recommendation to the Chief Judge of Lagos State for any of the following reasons—

 (a)    misconduct;

(b)     absence from meetings;

(c)     inability to perform the functions of the office,

(d)     conviction of a fraudulent act; or

(e)     unsound mind;

The Council by a majority vote will, after consultation. with the interests (if any), represented by that member recommend to the Chief Judge that such member be removed from the Council and the office declared vacant.

(2)     Subject to subsection (1) of this section, any member who is absent from two consecutive ordinary meetings of the Council, except an ex-officio member must file an explanation in writing with the Secretary for consideration of the Council. lf the explanation is not accepted by the Council, the Council will by majority vote request the Chief Judge to declare the office of that member vacant.

15.    The Chief Judge of Lagos State

(1)     It shall be the responsibility of the Chief Judge of Lagos State to-

(a)     appoint the members of the Governing Council in accordance with the provisions of section 7 of this Law;

(b)     appoint the Chairman of the Governing Council;

(c)     receive regular updates on the activities of the LMDC from the Governing Council, including reports of its financial and overall activities;

(d)     promote the growth and development of the LMDC including its integration within the Judicial System: and

(e)     make other contributions which will enhance the activities of the LMDC and further the overriding objectives.

16.    The Director of the LMDC

(1)     There shall be an officer of the LMDC to be known as the “Director” who will be appointed by the Council.

(2)     The Director shall-

(a)     be the Chief Executive Officer of the LMDC and will be responsible for the overall development, promotion and administration of the LMDC;

(b)     be a person of good repute with wide knowledge and experience in Alternative Dispute Resolution, the Multi-Door Courthouse concept and possess managerial skills;

(c)     possess at least a first degree from a recognised university and not less than ten (10) year of working experience with a recognised organisation or institution; and

(d)     hold office for a period of five (5) years which may be renewable for another period of five (5) years by the Council in accordance with the conditions as may be stated in the Director’s letter of appointment.

17.    Officers of the LMDC

(1)    The Director shall on the approval of the Council appoint members of staff needed for the efficient performance and actualisation of the functions of the LMDC.

(2)     The staff and appointed officers will hold office in compliance with the conditions as the Council may approve.

18.    Power to co-opt

Where the Council desires to obtain the advice of any person on a particular matter, the Council shall co-opt the person as a member for a period as it deems fit but that person who is a member by virtue of this paragraph, will not be entitled to vote at any meeting of the Council and will not count towards a quorum.

19.    The Deputy Director

The Deputy Director shall-

(a)     be responsible for the management of the LMDC facilities and any other business development initiatives of the LMDC;

(b)     supervise the staff and other officers of the LMDC;

(c)     attend to the needs of clients;

(d)     ensure the smooth and efficient management of matters at the LMDC;

(e)     be responsible for the effective administration of the LMDC including the preparation of reports;

(f)     be responsible for other activities and will be required by the Director to further enhance the overriding objectives of LMDC; and

(g)     be directly responsible to the Director.

20.    The Principal Registrar

The Principal Registrar shall-

(1)     be responsible to the Deputy Director for the day{o-day administration of the LMDC and supervise the activities of other staff of the LMDCI

(2)     effectively manage the dockets of the LMDC with a view to ensuring the efficient case flow management and documentation; and

(3)     undertake other responsibilities as may be incidental to the overall purpose of the Centre.

21.    Staff Regulations

Subject to the provisions of this Lau,, the Council will make staff regulations relating generally to the conditions of service of the employees of the LMDC and without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing, such regulations will provide for the appointment, promotion and discipline of employees of the LMDC.

22.    Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) Judge

(1)     The Chief Judge will designate and appoint such number of serving Judges and Magistrates as may be required to take responsibility for the promotion of ADR within the Judiciary.

(2)     Two (2) of the Judges so designated as ADR Judges will be nominated as members of the Governing Council by the Chief Judge.

(3)    Where any of the parties to an action. at the LMDC is required to and refuses or neglects to appear before the LMDC, the party will be brought before the ADR Judge or Magistrate who will make orders and give directives as will be considered desirable in fulfilment of the overriding objectives of the LMDC.

(4)    ADR proceedings will take place in the premises of the LMDC or in the regular Court of the ADR Judge or Magistrate.

(5)     Any Settlement Agreement or Memorandum of Understanding duly signed by disputing parties will on being filed at the LMDC. be presented to an ADR Judge or Magistrate as directed by the Chief Judge, for enforcement as Consent Judgment of the High Court or Magistrates’ Court.

23.    Role of the Court

(1)     It will be the responsibility of the Judges and Magistrates of Lagos State to further the cause of ADR and give effect to the overriding objectives of the LMDC, the provisions of the High Court of Lagos State (Civil Procedure) Rules and the Magistrates Courts Law by—

(a)     encouraging the use of the LMDC for the settlement of disputes by Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) in accordance with Order 25 rule 1.1(c) of the High Court of Lagos State Civil Procedure Rules and refer cases that are suited to ADR to the LMDC to facilitate the just and speedy disposal of such cases;

(b)     avoiding the assumption of the role of a mediator itr the course of a pre-trial conference;

(c)     inquiring from parties, efforts made at ADR and examine the reasons stated for a failed attempt towards employing ADR in the resolution of disputes;

(d)     ensuring that parties and their counsel show proportionate and responsible behaviour in their pursuit of litigation and explore ADR in the resolution of disputes;

(e)     controlling and managing effectively proceedings in Court and issue orders which would encourage the adoption of ADR methods in dispute resolution, including the mandatory referral of parries to explore settlement at the LMDC at the settlement week;

(f)      adopting international best practices and appropriate measures towards the promotion and development of an ADR consciousness among litigants and their counsel including orders as to costs and other orders or directions as the Court will consider appropriate:

(g)     discouraging the continuation of proceedings in court until parties referred to the LMDC have through their counsel confirmed submission to proceedings at the LMDC;

(h)     recognising and giving effect to dispute resolution clauses contained in agreements between parties;

(i)      ensuring the adoption and enforcement of Terms of Settlement and Awards reached at the LMDC in the san.re manner as a Judgment or order of Court: and

(j)      imposing appropriate sanctions for non-compliance with the orders and directives of Court.

24.    Role of Counsel

(1)     The responsibility of Counsel in regard to ADR is to the court, the LMDC and the Legal Profession in promoting a better and more efficient justice delivery system.

(2)     Counsel has a dut1, to expose clients to alternative methods of dispute resolution and explore with them the most appropriate mechanism in the resolution of matters brought before them;

(3)     Counsel shall-

(a)     give due consideration and support to suggestions. orders and directives from the Courts for an amicable settlement or the referral of on-going matters to the LMDC;

(b)     give regard and ensure clients accord respect to notices, invitations and directives from the LMDC; and

(c)     further the cause of ADR and give effect to the overriding objectives of the LMDC.

25.    Role of Disputing parties

(1)     Disputing parties have a responsibility to the LMDC and to the ADR process and are to co-operate with officers of the LVIDC in the administration of their dispute.

(2)     The parries shall—

(a)     consider seriously the adoption of ADR procedures for resolving their claims or issues when encouraged to do so by the court, their counsel or the LMDC:

(b)     initiate the resolution of an on-going dispute through ADR and have due regard for notices and directives from the LMDC:

(c)     ensure personal attendance at ADR Sessions and where the party is a corporation or body, ensure attendance of a suitable high ranking official with authority to settle the dispute on behalf of the corporation or body;

(d)     attend the ADR session in good faith without undue requests for adjournments or unwarranted delays and comply with directives from the Court and the provisions of the LMDC Practice Directions; and

(e)     prepare adequately for an ADR Session’ be actively involved and be willing to explore various options towards settlement’

26.    Enforcement of Settlement Agreements and Awards

(1)     On the completion of an ADR proceedings, Settlement Agreements which are duly signed by the parties shall be enforceable as a contract between the parties and when such agreements are further endorsed by an ADR Judge or Magistrate, it will be deemed to be enforceable under section 11 0f the Sheriff and civil Process Law.

(2)     Arbitration Awards must be enforced as provided for in the Arbitration and Conciliation Act. Laws of the Federation of Nigeria or any other applicable legislation’

27.    Panel of Neutrals

(1)     The Screening and Selection Committee will establish and maintain a body of mediators, arbitrators and neutral evaluators and other such neutrals as shall be required in response to ADR needs, and this body will be known as “The Panel Neutrals”.

(2)     The Panel of Neutrals will comprise of individuals who have—

(a)     distinguished themselves in their chosen vocations:

(b)     considerable relevant experience in their particular field of ADR practice; and

(c)     been trained and duly certified by a reputable and recognised organisation in such field of expertise.

(3)     The LMDC will also maintain a limited body of in-house Neutrals whose terms of engagement will be as approved by the Council.

(4)     The fees payable to the Panel of Neutrals for ser-vices rendered at the LMDC shall be in accordance with the stipulated guidelines as approved by the Council.

(5)     The Council may after due consultation with the Screening and Selection Committee, remove a member of the Panel of Neutrals on grounds of misconduct or inability to perform the functions of a member of the Panel.

28.    Establishment of the LMDC Fund

(1)     The LMDC will establish and maintain a fund which will be applied towards the LMDC realisation of its objectives and functions.

(2)     There will be paid and credited to the fund established pursuant to subsection (1) of this section, the following, all-

(a)     grants as may be provided by the Government of Lagos State based on the budget presented;

(b)     sums accruing to the LMDC by way of aid, gifts, testamentary dispositions, endowments or contributions by persons or organisations;

(c)     fees paid for services rendered by the LMDC or for the utilisation of its facilities; and

(d)     other sums which may accrue to the LMDC in the form of grants, awards or any other form of support by private persons, organisations or any other source.

(3)     The LMDC may not accept any aid, gifts, testamentary dispositions,  endowments or contributions by persons or organisation if the conditions attached are inconsistent with or inimical to the objectives and functions of the LMDC.

(4)     The LMDC may subject to the provisions of this Law, and the conditions of any fund created in respect of any property, invest its funds, including any of its surplus funds on any securities or such other profitable ventures as will be directed by the Council.

29.    Accounts and Audit

(1)     The LMDC will maintain accounts in any bank as will be approved by the Council.

(2)     The Council will-

(a)     cause to be prepared not later than the 31st of October in each year, an estimate of the income and expenditure of the LMDC for the next year; and

(b)     cause to be kept, proper accounts and records of the LMDC in relation to its income, expenditure, each flow and other necessary accounting requirements towards ensuring a transparent statement of accounts.

(4)     The accounts of the LMDC shall be audited each year by the auditors selected from a list of Auditors approved by the Auditor-General of Lagos State under section 26(8) of the Audit Law of Lagos State.

30.    Disclosure of Interest

Any member of the council and any person holding office on a committee of the council’ who had a personal interest in any contract or arrangement entered into or proposed to be considered by the Council or its committee must immediately disclose such interest to the Governing council and must not vote on any question relating to the contract or arrangement.

31.    Annual Report

(1)     The Director must submit to the Governing council a bi-Annual Report of the activities of the LMDC, including statistics of cases, during the immediate preceding year, or for such periods as the Council may require.

(2)     The Annual Report must include the audited accounts of the LMDC and the auditor’s report on those accounts.

32.    Power to Borrow

(1)     The LMDC may borrow by overdraft or otherwise such sum as may be required for the performance of functions of the LMDC under this Law.

(2)     The Director must obtain the approval of the council before borrowing any money required under subsection (1) of this section

33.    Common Seal

(1)     The fixing of the seal of the Governing council wi1l be authenticated by the signature of the chairman or of some other members authorised generally or specially to act for that purpose.

{2)    Any contract or instrument which if made or executed by any person not being a body corporate, would not be required to be made seal, will be made or executed on behalf of the Governing Council by any person generally or specially authorised for that purpose by the Council.

34.    Exemption from Tax

(1)     The LMDC will not be liable to tax on its income, expenditure or other transaction by any Government or authority in the State.

35.    Service in the LMDC and Pension

(1)     Notwithstanding the provisions of the Lagos State pension Reform Law-

(a)     service in the LMDC will be approved service for the purposes of that Law: and

(b)     accordingly other officers and persons employed by the LMDC will in respect of their service in the LMDC be entitled to pensions and other retirement benefits stated in the contract of employment or the Staff Handbook.

(2)    However, nothing in the Law will prevent the appointment of a person to an office on terms which precludes the grant of pension and other retirement benefits in respect of that office.

36.    Provision of Library Facilities

The LMDC will establish and maintain a physical and virtual library comprising books, records, reports and publications as may be necessary for the advancement of knowledge in the areas of activities undertaken by rt, for research purposes and for other purposes connected with the functions of the LMDC by or pursuant to this Law.

37.    Legal Proceedings against the LMDC

(1)     Legal action will not be commenced in any court of 1aw against the LMDC, the Director, any Member of the Council or any Officer in relation to any activity or matter conducted in the course of business without an initial submission of the dispute or concern to mediation, which mediation must be conducted in accordance to LMDC procedure Rules.

(2)     The choice of mediator must be mutually agreed by the parties, failing which an ADR Judge who is not a member of the Governing Council will appoint a mediator.

(3)     A suit must not commence against the LMDC before the expiration of a period of one month after written notice of intention to commence the suit has been served on the LMDC by the party intending to sue or by a solicitor and such notice must clearly and explicitly state—

(a)     the cause of action and particulars of claim;

(b)     the name and place of abode of the party intending to sue and;

(c)     the relief which the party claims.

(4)     A member of LMDC or of the LMDC Panel of Neutrals will not be liable for any act or omission committed in relation to the conduct of mediation, arbitration, neutral evaluation or other ADR processes except the act or omission is of a fraudulent nature.

38.    Mode of Service of Documents on LMDC

The notice referred to in subsection 1(a) of section 28 of this Law and any summons, process or other document required or authorised to be served on the LMDC under the provisions of this Law, or any other law, must be served by delivering the same to the LMDC, or by sending it by registered post to the LMDC office situate at the High Court of Justice, Lagos State.

39.    Practice Directions and Rules

On the recommendation of the Council, the Chief Judge may-

(1)     issue Practice Directions as are considered necessary for the effective utilisation of the LMDC in the administration of justice in the High Court and Magistrate Court of Lagos State; and

(2)     make rules or procedure or issue Practice Directions as may be necessary for the effective administration and efficient delivery of Alternative Dispute Resolution services at the LMDC.

40.    Interpretation

In this Law, unless the context otherwise requires-

ADR Judge” refers to a serving Judge and Magistrate who has been appointed by the Chief Judge of Lagos State to carry out such activities and functions as contained in this Law.

Alternative Dispute Resolution” includes the entire range of alternatives to litigation that involves third party intervention to assist in the resolution ol a dispute.

Arbitration” is a simplified means of trial without the technicalities of litigation. In Arbitration, a dispute is submitted to an Arbitrator(s) for resolution who gives a binding Award which is enforceable in the same way and manner as a Judgment of the Court.

Citizens’ Mediation Centre” means the mediation centre set up by the Lagos State Ministry of Justice.

Council” means the Governing Council of the LMDC constituted as provided for under section 5 of this Law.

Counsel” means a Lawyer licensed to practice law be it in Nigeria or elsewhere.

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