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KADUNA STATE GOVERNMENT
KEPA CONTROL OF WATER POLLUTION SOURCES [REGULATIONS NO. 2 OF 2009]
KADUNA STATE ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AUTHORITY, KEPA
KADUNA STATE ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AUTHORITY CONTROL OF WATER POLLUTION SOURCES REGULATIONS NO. 2 OF 2009
Commencement: 1ST JANUARY, 2009
In exercise of the powers conferred upon the Authority by Section 5(2) of Kaduna State Environment Protection Edict No. 1 of 1994, and of all other powers enabling me on that behalf, I Mal. Ibrahim Garba. Hussaini hereby make the following Regulations: –
(ii) Local Authority in the State shall not grant such permit until the following requirements are met, that is: –
(a) The well or borehole shall be sited at least 15 meters (uphill) from potential source of pollution such as pit latrine, septic tank or soak away pit.
(b) The well shall have a watertight lining for at least 3 meters from the surface.
(c) A parapet of at least 1 meter high shall be constructed by a concrete apron to drain waste water away from the well.
(d) A water tight cover shall be provided for the well. (e)A permanent bucket for drawing water shall be anchored to the well, or a pump shall be provided.
(ii) Every Local Authority shall ensure that such springs are protected through the following measures, that is: –
(a) Building a watertight dam around the eye of the spring so that water accumulates in a reservoir.
(b) The well of the dam shall be constructed with any of the following materials.
(c) A 2 inches galvanized iron pipe shall be fixed 2 feet above the bottom of the wall of the dam which shall serve as an outlet pipe to be used for drawing water.
(d) A 6 inches overflow pipe shall be fixed 1 foot above the outlet pipe and laid down several feet away from the dam in order to carry away any over flow of water in the dam.
(e) The surrounding area of the dam shall be made water tight and provided with sufficient drains to carry away waste water.
(f) The whole area shall be protected by a good fence in which the only opening shall be in the direction in which it is desired that the traffic shall be passing.
(ii) The owner of every premises, shall before embarking on the construction of such latrine, obtain a written permit from the Local Authority where he intends to construct the latrine.
(a) It shall be sited at least 15 meters downhill from any potential source of water supply.
(b) The depth of the pit shall not be less than 15 feet in order to prevent contamination of underground soil. (c) The latrine shall be provided with tight fitting cover to prevent unpleasant odour and inaccessibility to flies.
(a) Motor parks;
(c) Local Parks;
(d) Any other place where people gather in large number.
(ii) It shall be the duty of the Local Authorities to regularly maintain such public latrines and clean it in such a condition as not to be injurious to health.
(a) Public Latrines;
(b) Composting or indoor process;
(c) Excreta collection and disposal.
(a) Sewers or Sewage treatment plants;
(b) Construction of dam or reservoirs;
(c) Swimming Pools;
(e) Disinfection of any source of water supply;
(f) Wells and boreholes.
(i) It shall be the duty of every Local Authority in the State to protect their rivers and streams from any likely source of pollution.
(ii) The Local Authorities shall ensure that their rivers and streams are protected in the following ways that is: –
(a) Dividing the river or stream into sections and the upper section shall only be sued for drawing of water for drinking;
(b) The Section used for drinking shall be fenced and the only opening shall be in the direction in which it is desired that the traffic shall pass.
(c) The downstream section shall be reserved for bathing and washings;
(d) The last section of the downstream may be reserved as a drinking place for animals; (e)The vegetation near the river banks shall be protected;
(f) Protect the flora and fauna from being destroyed by human activities – industrial discharge and the use of chemicals for fishing.
(i) Cause threaten or allow the discharge of refuse or waste of whatever description or any contaminant into any water body or water course in any part of the State so as to cause or tend to cause water pollution, whether alone or in combination with water from other sources.
(ii) Deposit any contaminant or pollutant in or on land or in such a place and manner as to cause water pollution in any part of the State.
(i) Bury or attempt to bury a corpse in any premises in the State, without a permit from a Local Authority, except a cemetery or burial ground approved by a Local Authority.
(ii) Operate and maintain a cemetery or burial ground without a permit from the Local Authority where he intends to operate.
(a) The maximum allowable concentration of chemicals in water shall be as follows: –
Chemicals PPM or MG Per Litre
(i) Nitrate 45.0
(ii) Fluoride 1.5
(v) Selenium 0.05
(vi)Chromium (Hexavelent) 0.05
(vii) Cyannide 0.01
(b) The maximum allowable concentration of Coliform organisms in any water supplied to public shall be less than (5) five Coliforms per 100ml.
(ii) The Authority may from time to time change the water quality standards that owners of public water supply shall maintain.