CORONAVIRUS DISEASE (COVID-19) HEALTH PROTECTION REGULATIONS, 2021

CENTER FOR LAWS OF NIGERIA

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CORONAVIRUS DISEASE (COVID-19) HEALTH PROTECTION REGULATIONS, 2021

CORONAVIRUS DISEASE (COVID-19) HEALTH PROTECTION REGULATIONS 2021

[PURSUANT TO SECTION 4 OF THE QUARANTINE ACT, CAP Q2, LAWS OF THE FEDERATION OF NIGERIA, 2004]

ARRANGEMENT OF PARTS AND SECTIONS

PART 1 – Restrictions on Gatherings

PART 1 – Restrictions on Gatherings

1.     Physical distancing

2.     Gathering in enclosed spaces

3.     Public gatherings

4.     Variation powers of the Presidential Task Force (PTF) on Covid-19

PART 2 – Operations of Public Places, Markets, Malls, Supermarkets, Shops, Restaurants, Hotels, Event Centres, Gardens, Leisure Parks, Recreation Centres, Motor Parks, Fitness Centres, etc.

5.     Access to public premises and places

6.     Duty of establishment occupier to make provision for regular hand hygiene

7.     Duty of establishment occupier to clean and disinfect premises. 

8.     Responsibility of occupier of establishment to enforce Regulations

Places of Worship

9.     Liability of occupiers of establishments of worship

10.    Duty of religious worshippers and users of places of worship

11.    Worshippers and sharing of worship items

12.    Duty of person in charge of a place of worship

Workplaces and Schools

13.    Duty on persons entering the premises of a workplace or school  

14.    Liability of person in charge of workplace or school

Banks

15.    Duty on all employees, customers and visitors of banks s

16.    Duty of bank towards additional COVID-19 guidelines

17.    Duty of bank to develop cleaning schedule

Public Transportation Vehicles

18.    Duty of operators and passengers of public transportation vehicles

19.    Duty of Operators to ensure adequate spacing between passengers.

20.    Duty of Operators to ensure hygiene of parts of the vehicle

21.    Duty of operators to encourage passengers to perform hand hygiene.

22.    Duty of operators of trains, ships and planes

23.    Duty of operators to enforce Regulations

Hostels, Boarding Houses and Detention Centres

24.    Duty of Managers of Hostels, Boarding Houses, Nursing Homes, Correctional Centres, Remand     Homes, Holding Cells, Military Detention Facilities, etc. for care and custody of inmates/attendants      to ensure compliance with Regulations.

25.    Duty of Managers of facilities to separate and report persons suspected of Covid-19

PART 3 – Mandatory Compliance with Treatment Protocols

26.    Primacy and bindingness of health/safety protocols and guidelines issued by the Presidential Task Force on Covid-19

27.    Mandatory isolation/admission for all persons confirmed positive for COVID-19

28.    Duty of public health facilities to designate holding spaces for persons suspected of COVID-19

29.    Duty of public health facilities to establish sample collection centres

30.    Alternative care arrangements for asymptomatic virus carriers

PART 4 – Offences and Penalties

31.    Offences Generally. 

32.    Offences under Parts 1 and 2 of Regulations

33.    Offence of obstruction of an official from enforcement of Regulations

34.    Punishment for offences

PART 5 – Enforcement and Application

35.    Duty of public Law Enforcement personnel

36.    Punishment for security personnel who fails, neglects, or refuses to enforce Regulations

37.    National application of Regulations

38.    Extent of powers of State Governors to issue Regulations 

PART 6 – Interpretation and Citation

39.    Interpretations

40.    Commencement and duration of Regulations

41.    Other Protocols and Guidelines of PTFC, NCDC, and or State Governments.

42.    Citations

CORONAVIRUS DISEASE (COVID-19) HEALTH PROTECTION REGULATIONS 2021

[PURSUANT TO S. 4 OF THE QUARANTINE ACT, CAP Q2, LAWS OF THE FEDERATION OF NIGERIA, 2004]

PREAMBLE

In the exercise of the powers conferred upon me by Section 4 of the Quarantine Act, Cap. Q2 Laws of the Federation of Nigeria 2010 and all other powers enabling me in that behalf; and in consideration of the urgent need to protect the health and wellbeing of Nigerians in the face of the widespread and rising numbers of COVID-19 cases in Nigeria, I, Muhammadu Buhari, President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, hereby make the following Regulations –

CORONAVIRUS DISEASE (COVID-19) HEALTH PROTECTION REGULATIONS 2021

[PURSUANT TO S. 4 OF THE QUARANTINE ACT, CAP Q2, LAWS OF THE FEDERATION OF NIGERIA, 2004]

PREAMBLE

In the exercise of the powers conferred upon me by Section 4 of the Quarantine Act, Cap. Q2 Laws of the Federation of Nigeria 2010 and all other powers enabling me in that behalf; and in consideration of the urgent need to protect the health and wellbeing of Nigerians in the face of the widespread and rising numbers of COVID-19 cases in Nigeria, I, Muhammadu Buhari, President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, hereby make the following Regulations –

PART 1 – Restrictions on Gatherings

Physical distancing

1.     At all gatherings, a physical distance of at least two metres shall be maintained at all times between    persons.

Gathering in enclosed spaces

2.     Notwithstanding the provision of Regulation 1, no gathering of more than 50 persons shall hold in an    enclosed space, except for religious purposes, in which case the gathering shall not exceed 50%     capacity of the space.

Public gatherings

3.     All persons in public gatherings, whether in enclosed or open spaces, shall adhere to the provisions     of Part 2 of these Regulations.

Variation powers of the Presidential Task Force (PTF) on Covid-19

4.     The provisions of these Regulations may be varied by Guidelines and Protocols as may be issued,   from time to time, by the Presidential Task Force (PTF) on Covid-19 on the recommendation of the   Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC).

PART 2 – Operations of Public Places, Markets (including open markets), Malls, Supermarkets, Shops, Restaurants, Hotels, Event Centres, Gardens, Leisure Parks, Recreation Centres, Motor Parks, Fitness Centres, etc.

Access to public premises and places

5.     No person shall be allowed within the premises of a market, mall, supermarket, shop, restaurants,       hotels, event centres, gardens, leisure parks, recreation centres, motor parks, fitness centre or any         other similar establishment (hereinafter collectively referred to as “establishments”) except:

        a.     he is wearing a face covering that covers the nose and mouth;

        b.     he washes his hands or cleaned the hands using hand sanitiser approved by the National                        Agency for Food and Drug Administration and Control (NAFDAC); and

        c.      his body temperature has been checked. Any person found to have a body temperature above                      38 degrees Celsius shall be denied entry and advised to immediately seek medical attention.

Duty of establishment occupier to make provision for regular hand hygiene

6.     Every establishment occupier shall make provision for regular hand hygiene for any person coming    into the premises during opening hours. This includes a handwashing station with soap and running        water, or hand sanitiser approved by NAFDAC.

Duty of establishment occupier to clean and disinfect premises.

7.     Each establishment occupier is responsible for cleaning and disinfecting his premises. 

Responsibility of occupier of establishment to enforce Regulations

8.     It is the responsibility of the occupier of the establishment to:

        a.     Enforce the proper use of face covering;

        b.     Make provision for safe hygiene facilities;

        c.      Enforce provision of temperature checks prior to entry into the establishment;

        d.     Enforce provisions and use of face covering within the establishment;

        e.     Ensure that their customers queue up and are attended to serially while complying with                            physical distancing measures and avoiding overcrowding; and

        f. Generally, ensure compliance with the provisions of these Regulations.

Liability of occupiers of establishments of worship

9.     Occupiers of establishments are liable for any observed non-compliance by any persons within the       premises.

Places of Worship

Duty of religious worshippers and users of places of worship

10.    All worshippers and users of places of worship shall comply with the provisions of Parts 1 and 2 of these Regulations.

Worshippers and sharing of worship items

11.    Worshippers shall, where and whenever possible, avoid sharing worship items such as mats, bottles, hymnals, etc.

Duty of person in charge of a place of worship

12.    It is the responsibility of the person in charge of a place of worship to ensure compliance with the     provisions of these Regulations within the worship centre.

Workplace and Schools

Duty on persons entering the premises of a workplace or school

13.    All persons entering the premises of a workplace or school shall comply with the provisions of Parts       1 and 2 of these Regulations.

Liability of person in charge of workplace or school

14.    It is the responsibility of the person in charge of a workplace or a school to ensure compliance with the provisions of these Regulations within the office or school premises.

Banks 

Duty of employees, customers and visitors of banks

15.    All employees, customers and visitors of banks shall comply with the provisions of Parts 1 and 2 of these Regulations.

Duty of bank towards additional COVID-19 guidelines

16.    All banks shall comply with the guidelines, mode and scope of operations issued by the Central Bank         and Federal Ministry of Finance as it relates to the COVID-19 response. 

Duty of bank to develop cleaning schedule

17.    All banks shall develop a schedule for regular cleaning of buttons and surfaces of Mantrap Entrance        Doors, ATM machines and other commonly used areas. 

Public Transportation Vehicles

Duty of operators and passengers of public transportation vehicles

18.    All operators and passengers of public transportation vehicles (hereinafter referred to as     “operators”) shall comply with the provisions of Part 2 of these Regulations.

Duty of Operators to ensure adequate spacing between passengers.

19.    Operators shall ensure adequate spacing in between passengers.

Duty of Operators to ensure hygiene of parts of the vehicle

20.    Operators shall ensure frequent cleaning and disinfection of parts of the vehicle frequently handled       by passengers and drivers such as doors and window handles/buttons, steering wheels and      dashboards. 

Duty of operators to encourage passengers to perform hand hygiene

21.    Operators shall encourage passengers to frequently perform hand hygiene.

Duty of operators of trains, ships and planes

22.    All operators of trains, ships and planes shall have an occupational health and infectious diseases       preparedness plan, in case an employee or traveller becomes unwell in the course of a journey.

Duty of operators to enforce Regulations

23.    It is the responsibility of operators to ensure compliance with the provisions of these Regulations in     the course of their operations.

Hostels, Boarding Houses and Detention Centres

Duty of Managers of Hostels, Boarding Houses, Nursing Homes, Correctional Centres, Remand     Homes, Holding Cells, Military Detention Facilities, etc.

24.    Managers of Hostels, Boarding Houses, Nursing Homes, Correctional Centres, Remand Homes, Holding Cells, Military Detention Facilities, and such centres for care and custody of persons, shall      ensure compliance with the provisions of these Regulations.

Duty of Managers of facilities to separate and report persons suspected of Covid-19

25.    Managers of such facilities shall ensure that suspected cases of Covid-19 are promptly and      appropriately separated from others and are reported to medical officers of the State Ministry of         Health for necessary action.

PART 3 – Mandatory Compliance with Treatment Protocols

Primacy and bindingness of health/safety protocols and guidelines issued by the Presidential Task         Force on Covid-19

26.    The health and safety protocols and guidelines are issued by the PTF on Covid-19 on the    recommendation of the NCDC and shall be binding on all persons.

Mandatory isolation/admission for all persons confirmed positive for    COVID-19

27.    Persons confirmed to have tested positive to COVID-19 by an NCDC accredited laboratory, may not     refuse isolation and or admission to a designated health establishment for management of the     disease.

Duty of public health facilities to designate holding spaces for persons suspected of COVID-19

28.    All public secondary and tertiary health facilities shall designate a space or holding bay for the initial         triage or assessment of suspected persons with COVID-19 in line with the approved protocol for       case management.

Duty of public health facilities to establish sample collection centres

29.    All public secondary and tertiary health facilities shall establish sample collection centres, where test      samples from suspected cases can be collected and transmitted to an accredited testing laboratory     in the State. 

Alternative care arrangements for asymptomatic virus carriers

30.    Notwithstanding the provision of Regulation 27, where a person confirmed to have tested positive to         the COVID-19 is:

        a.     Asymptomatic or has mild symptoms; and

        b.     Proves able to make an alternative isolation arrangement that satisfies protocols issued by the                 NCDC, as certified by a healthcare provider and assessment by a medical professional; 

        such person may use such alternative arrangements, including supervised “home-based care,”               for self-isolation and adhere strictly to the guidelines, until confirmed by the healthcare                         provider to be no longer at risk of infecting others with the virus.

PART 4 – Offences and Penalties

Offences Generally

31.    Any person who contravenes the provisions of these Regulations commits an offence. 

Offences under Parts 1 and 2 of Regulations

32.    Any person who, without reasonable cause, contravenes a direction given under Parts 1 and 2 of these Regulations commits an offence.

Offence of obstruction of an official from enforcement of Regulations

33.    Any person who, without reasonable cause, obstructs an authorised official from enforcement of   these Regulations commits an offence. 

Punishment for offences

34.    An offence under these Regulations is punishable, on summary conviction, by a fine or a term of six   months imprisonment or both in accordance with Section 5 of the Quarantine Act.

PART 5 – Enforcement and Application

Duty of public Law Enforcement personnel

35.    Personnel of the Nigeria Police Force, the Nigeria Security and Civil Defence Corps, the Federal Road         Safety Corps, the Nigeria Immigration Service, the Federal Airport Authority of Nigeria, and other      relevant Local Government, State and Federal Government agencies are hereby directed to enforce       the provisions of these Regulations.

Punishment for security personnel who fails, neglects, or refuses to enforce Regulations

36.    Any officer of the enforcement agencies who fails, neglects, or refuses to enforce the provisions of these Regulations shall be subject to disciplinary action by the disciplinary body of his respective agency.

National application of Regulations

37.    The provisions of these Regulations shall apply throughout the Federal Republic of Nigeria.

Extent of powers of State Governors to issue Regulations

38.    State Governors may issue Regulations on further steps as may be considered necessary.

PART 6 – Interpretation and Citation

Interpretations

39.    In these Regulations, unless the context otherwise requires:

a.     “Offence” means any act, which may constitute a violation of the provisions of these         Regulations.

b.     “Enforcement Agency” means any law enforcement or security agency vested with the     statutory power to investigate and prosecute any person in respect of any of the applicable    offences.

        c.      “Face covering” means a covering of any type (other than a face shield) which covers, fully, a                    person’s nose and mouth.

        d.     “gathering(s)” means an assembly or meeting of people.

        e.     “occupier” means any person who is in current occupation and control of premises either as an           owner or lessee.

        f.      “Public transportation vehicle” means bicycle, motorcycle, tricycle, car, taxi, limousine, bus,                    train, ship, plane, or any other vehicle of transportation that carries more than one person at                    a time.

        g.     “reasonable cause” includes medical emergency, wherein the person in violation forgot to put                   on face covering, but complied with the directive to do so upon prompting; a natural disaster,                    wherein persons need to be evacuated into a public space; etc.

Commencement and duration of Regulations

40.    These Regulations shall take effect immediately and remain in effect until otherwise determined.

Other Protocols and Guidelines of PTFC, NCDC, and or State Governments

41.    All other Protocols and Guidelines issued by the PTF, NCDC, and or State Governments, except as       expressly provided, shall remain in force.

Citations 42.     These Regulations may be cited as the Coronavirus Disease (Covid-19) Health Protection           Regulations 2021.

CATEGORIES OF COVID-19 LAWS, REGULATIONS, GUIDELINES, DIRECTIONS, ETC IN NIGERIA

LIST OF COVID-19 LAWS, REGULATIONS, GUIDELINES, DIRECTORIES, ETC IN NIGERIA

Download of PDF copy and compendium of every law listed and published below is available for a fee. For PDF copy of the full Index of Nigeria’s Covid-19 laws (federal, state, judicial, agency level – NCDC, NAFDAC, NCAA, CAC, etc- click HERE to order for N3000 only. INQUIRIES: lawnigeria@gmail.com and info@lawnigeria.com

FEDERAL ACTS, REGULATIONS & EXECUTIVE ORDERS
1.Quarantine Act
2.Nigeria Agricultural Quarantine Service (Establishment) Act
3.COVID Regulations 2020
4Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Health Protection Regulation, 2021

 FEDERAL [GUIDELINES OF PRESIDENTIAL TASK FORCE ON COVID-19]
5.COVID-19 – Implementation Guidelines for Eased Lockdown
6.COVID-19 –  IMPLEMENTATION GUIDELINES FOR VIRUS CONTAINMENT & EASING OF LOCKDOWN
7.COVID-19 – PTFC Updated Implementation Guidelines for Eased Lockdown Phase 3
8.COVID-19 – PTFC Provisional Quarantine Protocol for Air Travelers into Nigeria

FEDERAL AGENCIES: NIGERIAN CENTER FOR DISEASE CONTROL, NCDC
1.COVID-19 – Advisory for Vulnerable Groups (Elderly & Persons with Pre-existing Conditions) Version 2 June 2020
2,COVID-19 – Guidelines for Conducting Elections During Outbreak in Nigeria
3.COVID-19 – Advisory on use of Cloth Face-Masks
4.COVID-19 – Advisory on Use of Masks by Persons without Respiratory Symptoms June 2020
5.COVID-19 – Public Health Advisory to Nigerians on Coronavirus Disease (#5)
6.COVID-19 – Public Health Advisory to Nigerians on Novel Coronavirus (#4)
7.COVID-19 – Guidance for Private Sector Laboratories for Providing Completely Testing Arrangements
8.COVID-19 – Guidance for the use of Approved Ag-RDTs in Nigeria
9.COVID-19 – Guidance on Use of Antigene RDT Kits for Diagnosis
10.COVID-19 – Guidance on Improvement of Surveillance Strategies for States
11.COVID-19 – Guidance on Quality Assurance for COVID-19 Molecular Testing
12.COVID-19 – Guide for Parenting
13.COVID-19 – Guideline on Integration of Private Sector Laboratories into National COVID-19 Response
14.COVID-19 – Guideline on Setting up a Sample Collection Centre
15.COVID-19 – Guidelines for Care of Confirmed and Suspected Cases
16.COVID-19 – Guidelines for Employers & Businesses in Nigeria August 2020 v5
17.COVID-19 – Guidelines for Management of Pregnant Women and Nursing Mothers
18.COVID-19 – Guidelines for Pregnant Women and Nursing Mothers
19.COVID-19 – Guidelines for Safe Transportation of COVID-19 Remains
20.COVID-19 – Guidelines for Safe-Reopening Of Schools
21.COVID-19 – Guidelines on 2020 NYSC Orientation Camp Activities
22.COVID-19 – Guidelines on Reopening of Places of Worship
23.COVID-19 – Guidelines on Social Distancing
24.COVID-19 – Interim Guidance on Home-Care for Confirmed Cases
25.COVID-19 – Interim Guidelines for  Mgt of Corpse of Persons Suspected or Confirmed of COVID-19
26.COVID-19 – Laboratory Assessment Checklist
27.COVID-19 – National Interim Guideline for Clinical Management of COVID-19 July 2020
28.COVID-19 – Advisory on the Use of Face Shields with Face Masks by the General Public
29.COVID-19 – Operational Guidelines for the Police & other law Enforcements Agencies in Nigeria
30.COVID-19 – Provisional Quarantine Protocol for Air-Travel 2021
31.COVID-19 – Provisional Quarantine Protocol for UK & SA Air Travel
32.COVID-19 – Guidance on Rational use of Personal Protection Equipment in the Covid-19 Cases
33.COVID-19 – Public Health Visual Guidance on Safe School Re-opening
34.COVID-19 – Recommendations on Messaging Persons with Non-Communicable Diseases during COVID-19 Outbreak
35.Covid-19 – Risk Communication & Community Engagement Strategy
36.COVID-19 – Self-Isolation Guideline for Travellers September 2020
37.COVID-19 – SOP for Specimen Collection and Transportation
38.COVID-19 – Toolkit for Opening Religious Gatherings
38.COVID-19 – Updated Guideline for Sample Reception and Reporting
39COVID-19 Advisories of the Nigerian Center for Disease Control
40.COVID-19 Advisory – Ten Essential Measures To Prevent Infectious Disease Outbreaks During Flooding
41.COVID-19 Guidance or Safe Mass Gatherings In Nigeria
42.COVID-19 Guidance for Schools
43.COVID-19- National Strategy to Scale up Access to Coronavirus Disease Testing in Nigeria
44.COVID-19 – Case Definition for CoronaVirus Disease
45.COVID-19 Test-Case Protocol Version 1
46.COVID-19 Test-Case Protocol
47.COVID-19 Test-Case Protocol Version 2
48.COVID-19 Signs and Symptoms Infographics
49.COVID-19 Prevention Infographics
50.COVID-19 Infection Prevention Control Recommendations
51.COVID-19 – Press Release on 100 days of COVID-19 Response in Nigeria
52.COVID-19 – Patients Hand-Book for Home-based Care
53.COVID-19 Outbreak – Initial Response Report and Strategic Directions
54.COVID-19 and School Closure – Executive Summary cf Perception Survey

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