LAWS OF NASARAWA STATE OF NIGERIA
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SHARIA COURT OF APPEAL EDICT 1996
ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS
THE MILITARY ADMINISTRATOR OF THE NASARAWA STATE OF NIGERIA hereby makes the following Edict:
Citation and Commencement
This Edict may be cited as the Sharia Court of Appeal 1997 and shall be deemed to come into effect on the 1st day of January, 1997.
“Area Court” means a court established under the Area Court Edict or deemed to have been so established and includes Upper Area Court;
“Area Courts Edict” Means the Area Court Edict applicable in the State;
“Cause” includes any actions suit or other original proceedings between a plaintiff and a defendant;
“Chief Registrar” means the Chief Registrar of the Court;
“Decision” includes judgment, decree and order;
“Deputy Chief Registrar” means Deputy Chief Registrar of the Court;
“High Court” means the High Court of the State;
“Islamic Edict” means Islamic Edict of the Maliki School and Orthodox Schools governing the matter in paragraphs (a) (b) (c) of Section 11 set out;
“Inspector of Area Courts” means any Area Court Inspector appointed in pursuance of the provision of the Area Court Edict;
“Matter” includes any proceeding of a court not in a cause;
“State Matters” means any matter that is within the legislative competence of legislature of Nasarawa State under the provision of the constitution of the Federation; and
“Registrar” means the Registrar of the Court;
Establishment of Sharia Court of Appeal
(2) The name of the Court shall be the Sharia Court of Appeal which shall be a Superior Court of record. 2
(3) The Court shall have jurisdiction to punish a person summarily for the offence commonly known as contempt of court; but a person cannot be so punished and also punished under the provisions of the Penal Code for the same offence.
[Constitution of Court]
[Qualification for membership of the Sharia Court of Appeal]
(a) a Muslim
(b) not less than thirty-five years of age; and
(c) (i) he is legal practitioner in Nigeria of a period of not less than 10 years and has obtained a recognized qualification in Islamic Edict from approved institution, or
(ii) he has attended and obtain a recognized qualification in Islamic Edict from an institution for a period of not less than 10 years; and
(iii) he either has considerable experience in the practice of Islamic Edict or he is ca distinguished scholar of Islamic Edict.
Tenure of office
(2) A Judge may at any time resign his office by notice in writing addressed to the State Judicial Service Commission
Precedence of judge
Seal of the court
[Seal of the Court]
(2) The Seal of the Court shall be kept by the Chief Registrar. And a duplicate thereof shall be kept by the Deputy Chief Registrar
[Jurisdiction of the Court]
(2) For all the purposes of and incidental to the hearing and determination of any appeal, and the amendment, execution and enforcement of any judgment, order or decision made therein, the Court shall have all the powers, authority and jurisdiction of every Area Court of which the judgement, order or decision is the subject of an appeal to the Court, and the Court shall, without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing, have the jurisdiction, powers and authority which are conferred upon area courts exercising appellate jurisdiction by the provisions of section 12 of the Area Court Edict.
(3) Except as provided in subsection (2) of this section, the Court shall have no original jurisdiction in any case or matter.
(4) The Court shall have the jurisdiction to review cases reported to him in accordance with section 50 of the Area Court Edict.
Competency of the court
(a) any question of Islamic Edict regarding marriage concluded in accordance with that Edict including a question relating to the dissolution of such a marriage or a question that depends on such a marriage relating to family relationship or the guardianship of an infant;
(b) where all the parties to the proceeding are all Muslims any question of Islamic Edict regarding marriage, including the dissolution of such marriage or regarding family relationship a founding or the guardianship of infant;
(c) any question of Islamic Edict regarding wakf, gift, will or succession where the endower, donor, testator or deceased person is a Muslim;
(d) any question of Islamic Edict regarding an infant, prodigal person of unsound mind who is a Muslim or the maintenance or guardianship of Muslim who is physically or mentally infirmed;
(e) where all the parties to the proceedings whether or not they are Muslims have by writing under their hands requested the Court that hears the case in the first instance to determine that case in accordance with Islamic Edict;
(f) any additional jurisdiction as may be conferred upon the Court by any other Edict.
Practice and procedure
(a) Islamic Edict as customarily interpreted at the place where the trial at first instance took place;
(b) This Edict;
(c) The Area Court Edict and any other Edict affecting Area Court in so far as it relates to a cause or matter within section 10 of this Edict and
(d) Natural justice, equity and good conscience.
Transfer to High Court and Customary Court of Appeal
Session of the court Regulations of session by order
(2) Not withstanding anything containing in any rules made by the Court to the contrary, no appeal transferred from or to the Court in according with the provision of this Edict or any Edict shall be questioned on the ground that it has not been entered within the time prescribed for entering appeals to the Court to which the appeal is transferred.
(3) The power of transfer under this section shall be exercised by means of an order under the hand of the Grand Khadi and the Seal of the Court.
[Venue of Court Sessions]
[Functions of the Grand Khadi]
(a) The appointment of the place or places within the State at which sessions of the Court are to be held;
(b) The appointment of the dates for holding session within the State and the alteration of any such date by such authority and in such manner as may be specify in an order made under this section where by reasons of the pressure of business or other unforeseen cause it is expedient to alter the date so appointed;
(c) carrying into effect as may seem necessary to the Grand Khadi any order made under this section and, without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing power, the attendance, jurisdiction, authority and duty of the Chief Registrar, interpreters and officers, the use of any prison which is under the control of the Federal Government and transmission of documents and exhibits;
Power to dispenses with holding of session in places where unnecessary
(2) There may be included in an order made under this section provision for any matter (including any or the matters mentioned in paragraph (c) of subsection (1) of section (15) for which it appears to the Grand Khadi to be necessary or proper to make provision with a view to giving full effect to the Order.
(3) Notice of every order made under this section shall be published in the State Gazette or by means of announcement through the News Media.
Representation of parties
(2) In any proceedings before it, the Court may permit the appearance on behalf of any party to such proceedings of:-
(a) the husband, wife, guardian, servant, matter of any inmate of the household of any party who shall give satisfactory proof that he or she has authority in that behalf; or
(b) a relative of any person who is interested in administration of the estate of a person who was subject to the jurisdiction of Area Court.
(3) Subject to the provision of subsection (1) and (2) of this section in any suit pending before the Court a Local Government Authority may be represented at any of the proceedings by any officer of the Local Government Authority who shall satisfy the Court that he is duly authorized in that behalf.
(4) An Inspector of Area Court shall have right to be heard in the Court.
Officers of the Court
Negligence of misconduct
Protection of persons Executing warrants Restriction of officers of the court buying property sold in execution.
Power to make Rules of the court
(2) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (1), nothing herein contained shall prevent any such persons from purchasing by leave of the Court any property sold in execution which may be necessary for him to purchase in order to protect the interests of himself, his wife or child.
[Power of Grand Khadi to make rules of court]
(a) Prescribing and providing for:-
(i) the fees which may be charged in the Court;
(ii) the reduction of such fees in any particular case or class of cases and the manner in which and the persons by whom such reduction may be made;
(iii) the remission in whole or part of any them or reduced fee and the manner in which and the person by whom such reduction may be made;
(b) subject to the provisions of section 14, the practice and procedure of the Court;
(c) the carrying into execution of the decrees or orders of the Court;
(d) the execution of the warrants and the service of the process of the Court;
(e) regulating the payment of allowance s and travelling expenses of witnesses;
(f) regulating any matters relating to the costs o proceedings in the Court;
(g) defining, (so far as conveniently may i.e. defined by general rules;) the duties of the several; officers of the Court;
(h) securing the due administration of Estates;
(i) requiring and regulating the filling of accounts of the administration of estates;
(j) ascertaining the values of estates;
(k) regulating and prescribing the procedure on appeals from any area court to the Court.
(l) regulating the sittings of the court subsection to the provisions of sections 17, 18 and 19;
(m) prescribing what part of the business which may be transacted and of the jurisdiction which may be exercised by judges of the court, may be transacted or exercised by the Chief Registrar or other officers of the Court, and providing that any interlocutory application to be made in connection with or for the purpose of any appeal or proposed appeal to be heard by the Court shall be heard and disposed or before a single judge;
(n) prescribing forms to be used for the process and practice and procedure of the Court, and
(o) generally for carrying into effect the provisions of this edict.
[Existing civil proceedings]
DATED AT LAFIA THIS 10TH DAY OF DECEMBER 1997
WING COMMANDER ABDULLAHI IBRAHIM
NASARAWA STATE OF NIGERIA
EXPLANATORY NOTE (This note does not form part of this Edict and has no legal effect)
The purpose of this Edict is to provide for the establishment of the Sharia Court of Appeal of Nasarawa State.